Friendship Text Set Tessa Podschun

Rationale: Grade 2

This text set is important in emphasizing the importance of friends and also how friends should be treated. Some of these go into conflict between friends and how we can resolve that and others are more light-hearted showing the joys of friendship. This age, according to Yardsticks by Chip Wood is an extremely social age. It is when they first start to really flourish socially and enjoy being in cooperation in others both in learning and just to socialize. Because of this developmental era, learning about how to interact socially is an incredibly important skill to learn, and this text set encourages that.

Join in and Play Written by Cheri J. Meiners and Illustrated by Meredith Johnson

Identification Information: ISBN: 1575421526 - Published by Free Spirit Publishing; 1 edition (December 15, 2003) - Pages: 40

Summary of Text: This book expresses the very realistic process of making and having friends and how it is not always easy. It shows friends who have to take turns and learn how to play together and be kind to each other. There are multiple scenarios in the book that deal with cooperation and getting along as well as how we should treat our friends when interacting with them.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – since this book has such an important message, we would want to emphasize comprehension and make sure that all of the students are understanding the message that is being taught in it.

KCCRS: RL.2.2 – Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

For this book, I would encourage critical thinking about how we, as a classroom, can use these principles that are discussed in the book and how they can impact our friendships. Student Objective: The student will summarize the moral of a story.

This book has an extremely important moral message and so it is important for students to understand what it is saying and also to see how this applies to their life. By summarizing, we know that students are truly comprehending the storyline and not simply understanding the words independently of the story.

Additional Resources:

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/First-Week-of-School-Activities-for-3rd-Grade-2590473 - This would be a fun lesson to do after reading this book to use as a class inclusion activity. Each student could make their own puzzle and we could talk about how we can all fit together and work together to make the big picture more pretty by connecting each of our individual pictures.

I Want to Play by Elizabeth Crary Illustrated by Marina Megale

Identification Information: ISBN: 1884734189 - Published by Parenting Press; 2 edition (January 1, 1996) - Pages: 32

Summary of Text: This book is filled with various scenarios where there is conflict between two or more friends. The format of the book allows for the reader to select how they would respond and if they are not satisfied with that at the end, they can go back and choose another and see how it turned out. It helps students to learn how to navigate through social situations and how our decisions and actions can impact our friendships.

Teaching Points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – similarly to the previous book, this one would be good to teach about comprehension to emphasize the moral message that is taught in this book.

KCCRS: RL.2.2 – Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

I would encourage the language arts aspect of writing with this and have students reflect and use writing as an outlet to how they can play with their friends and be a supportive friend.

Student Objective: The student will write a paragraph explaining the moral of the book and analyzing how this can apply to their life.

The student will use this as a way to express and analyze how the moral of this story is applicable for their life and how they can play with their friends. This moral message is important and so it is good to have the students do some synthesizing and elaborating on the topic and writing is a great way to do that.

Additional Resources:

http://www.lessonplandiva.com/2013/02/my-opinion-writing-its-pizza-time.html - I would use this form to help student’s write an opinion paragraph about how to play with friends or how to treat friends.

Friends by Catherine Thimmesh

Identification Information: ISBN: 0547390106 - Published by HMH Books for Young Readers (May 23, 2011) - Pages: 32

Summary of Text: This books shows photos of animals, in real life, that are unique friendships in the wild. It also has various poems and rhymes about characteristics of what a friend does along with the pictures. An example of one of the photos is a mouse standing on top of a toad.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – for this I would have the students analyze and try to understand the moral behind this story even though it is primarily shown through the images.

KCCRS: RI.2.7 – Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.

I would discuss visual representation in language arts and how this book gives us the message that this book is trying to convey.

Student Objective: The student will explain how imagery, like in Friends by Catherine Thimmesh, adds to the message of the book.

This book is mostly images of animals that we would not think would get along. This gives us a chance to evaluate what these images mean and how they help explain the message of the story.

Additional Resources:

http://www.thelemonadestandteacher.com/ - This poster gives an outline of the power of an illustration or image. I would use this to have the students create a small story and try to use few words but very detailed images and then evaluate how that impacted their story.

Days with Frog and Toad by Arnold Lobel

Identification Information: ISBN: 0064440583 - Published by HarperCollins - Pages: 13

Summary of Text: Frog points out all of the house chores that Toad needs to do since his house is so dirty, but Toad continues to say that he will do it all tomorrow. Toad then realizes how much he will have to do if he puts all of those things off until tomorrow. Because of this, he decides to go ahead and get a small start on the chores by starting with just his jacket and pants. He then realizes that if he continues to do this, he will have even less to do tomorrow. Frog continues to encourage him to do them now so that he doesn’t have to do any of it tomorrow. Once Toad finally finishes all of his chores, he realizes that he feels way better since he has all day free the next day to relax.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Fluency – this is a good book to practice Fluency. Most of the words are simple to read and there is a lot of repetition of words, which creates an opportunity for the student to focus on their expression, phrasing, and speed.

KCCRS: RL.2.6 – Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

I think that this would be a good book to address speaking in relation to the conversations and speaking skills of the characters throughout the book.

Student Objective: The student will read the book aloud while focusing on utilizing appropriate voice in dialog.

This book supports the objective by giving the student a lot of dialogue to practice voice infliction with. A good portion of the book is a conversation between Frog and Toad, so this gives the student and opportunity to practice using different voices for the different characters.

Additional Resources:

http://firstgradealacarte.blogspot.com/search/label/Frog%20and%20Toad - This website has a super fun game that students could use after they read the book to see how well they did with the comprehension aspect of the story. This would be a good game for students to play with their table groups and would be a good test of their comprehension.

George and Martha: The Complete Stories of Two Best-Friends – Story Number Two: The High Board Written and Illustrated by James Marshall

Identification Information: ISBN: 0395353866 - Published by HMH Books for Young Readers - Pages: 10

Summary of Text: George and Martha are at the pool and George wanted to go off the high dive, but Martha encouraged him not to and said it was scary. George expressed that he was not afraid and climbed up onto the high dive. Once he was up there, his knees began to shake and he was very scared. Martha climbed up so that she could jump first and she made a huge splash so that no one saw George climb back down the ladder. After that, George said that he just didn’t feel like going off the high dive that day.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Fluency – This book has a lot of conversation in it between George and Martha so it would be good for practicing fluency and reading smoothly. Most of the vocabulary is easy to understand and so it would give the student an opportunity to fully focus on their reading speed, expression, and attention to punctuation.

KCCRS: RF.2.4b – Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

For this book it would use speaking since we are emphasizing fluency and reading.

Student Objective: The student will be able to read the book with fluency using proper expression and infliction.

This book has a great deal of conversation which gives the student and opportunity to practice with using different vocal tones for the different characters. It is also good to practice reading conversations to see how the quotations work and how the punctuation should sound verbally, which is emphasized in the standard and objective.

Additional Resources:

http://aroundthekampfire.com/2012/09/forming-questions-a-hippos-freebie.html - I love the idea of tying science into these books and comparing traits of George and Martha with real hippos. I think that this would be a very engaging activity and definitely something that I would love to do with my students.

Enemy Pie by Derek Munson Illustrated by Tara Calahan King

Identification Information: ISBN: 081182778X - Published by Chronicle Books - Pages: 40

Summary of Text: This story is set in summer. It is about a little boy whose best friend got a new neighbor, Jeremy Ross. Jeremy Ross was mean to the narrator and was on his enemy list. His dad showed him the recipe for getting rid of enemies was by making enemy pie. He brought all kinds of disgusting things to his dad asking if those were what were needed for the enemy pie but his dad just continued telling him that they didn’t need those types of things. He continued to play as his dad slaved away in the kitchen making this enemy pie. He could smell the pie from the backyard and was surprised when it smelled amazing, but his dad explained that it had to smell good so that your enemy would eat it. He continued to brainstorm about what exactly this enemy pie would do to the enemy. His dad explained to him that in order for it to work, he needed to spend an entire day with Jeremy and he needed to actually be nice the whole time. He went to Jeremy’s house and asked him to play, and Jeremy said yes! The two of them both actually had a lot of fun together and he realized that Jeremy was not a very good enemy. After spending a whole day together and after dinner, his dad brought out the enemy pie. The little boy was so worried that Jeremy was going to eat the enemy pie and they wouldn’t be able to be friends, because that’s what they had become. The pie was delicious. This was just the beginning of a blossoming friendship.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – this book has slightly accelerated vocabulary and is somewhat lengthy. This is a good book to read and then test for comprehension to see where the students are and how they processed all of the information from the book.

KCCRS: RL.2.1 – Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

Reading could definitely be addressed in this book. It is slightly more challenging than some of the others in this text set and so it would be a good book to practice reading and has some vocabulary that is more challenging.

Student Objective: The student will identify key details in the book Enemy Pie by Derek Munson.

This book is at a slightly higher level than some of the other books and so it would be a good one to test and see where the students are in their ability to comprehend and identify the key details in a text.

Additional Resources:

http://ayearofmanyfirsts.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-book-nook-enemy-pie.html?m=1 - This website has a worksheet that the students can fill out where they have to write out their own recipe for “friendship pie.” This way, students are using what they learned from the book, learning about the format of recipes, and also practicing their writing skills.

Yo! Yes? Written and Illustrated by Chris Raschka

Identification Information: ISBN: 0439921856 - Published by Scholastic Inc. - Pages: 32 pages

Summary of Text: This is a book about two boys who are communicating in simple words and phrases. One of the boys asks what the other boy is doing and he says that he isn’t doing anything, when asked why he expresses that he doesn’t have any friends. The first boy then says to the boy that he is there and they end up being friends.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – This is a good book to focus on comprehension because the student has to really pay attention to both the pictures and the words to understand the plot of the story. It is a good time to discuss the correlation between illustrations and authors and how those two work together.

KCCRS: RL.2.7 – Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.

Viewing would be a good thing to emphasize with this book since it has few words and the imagery is very important.

Student Objective: The student will create a plot diagram based on the illustrations for the book Yo? Yes by Chris Raschka.

This book uses few words and so the illustrations are particularly important in telling the story of what is happening in the book. This is a good book for students to use to analyze the importance of illustrations and to evaluate, using the illustrations, what some the key details are.

Additional Resources:

http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/story-stones-a-great-storytelling-tool-194245 - I would use these story stones with this book to give students a place to start, but then have them write a story using primarily illustrations based on that one image on their story stone.

Little Blue and Little Yellow Written and Illustrated by Leo Lionni

Identification Information: ISBN: 0375872906 - Published by Knopf Books for Young Readers - Pages: 42

Summary of Text: This is a story about a blue dot named “Little Blue” and a yellow dot named “Little Yellow.” The book talks about all of their adventures together and how they hugged and became green because they hugged so much. At the end of the day, their parents are confused why they are both green and so they cry and their tears come out blue and yellow. Eventually they cry until they are only tears and then when they pull themselves together they are their original color again. Their parents are very happy and finally understand why they were green before.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Comprehension – this would be a good book to analyze comprehension because the illustrations and plot is kind of an abstract concept. It would be good to go over this with our students and explain that the dots are like people.

KCCRS: RL.2.5 – Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.

For this book I would emphasize the language arts area of speaking and have students explain and discuss what happened in this book and how it is relevant to us.

Student Objective: The student will create a presentation to show the structure of the storyline in Little Blue and Little Yellow by Leo Lionni.

This book is fairly simple in terms of vocabulary, but the thought of a dot as a person could be somewhat of a abstract idea. This book would give students a chance to evaluate how this changes the book and also show how there is still a relevant storyline even though the main characters aren’t human.

Additional Resources:

http://rainydaymum.co.uk/no-mess-colour-theory-experiment/v - This activity is a neat way to show how colors change when they are mixed, as is shown in this book. It would be a fun thing to do and the students could examine this phenomenon with other colors as well to see how they change.

Friends by Rob Lewis

Identification Information: ISBN: 0099266121 - Published by Red Fox - Pages: 32

Summary of Text: Oscar and his parents move to a new part of the woods and Oscar is very nervous about trying to make friends. When he starts meeting other animals he is having trouble connecting with them and relating to them because he is different than all of them. Oscar realizes that sometimes we have to work to make friends and that someone doesn’t have to be exactly like you to be your friend.

Teaching points:

Reading First Component: Fluency – Since this book should be fairly simple for a second grade reader, it is a good book to practice fluency and reading with expression.

KCCRS: RL.2.6 – Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

For this book, I would emphasize reading since that aligns well with our focus of reading fluency.

Student Objective: The student will analyze if they are reading with fluency.

With this objective, the student could record themselves reading and then go back and listen to themselves and see how well they did. It is a fairly short and simple book, which would help them to be able to really self-assess how well they did on this.

Additional Resources:

http://www.simpleplayideas.com/friendship-high-fives - This would be an awesome activity to do with the class to emphasize that we are all different, but there are tons of things that we like about or like to do with our friends. This is a good “warm fuzzy” activity to do with the class that makes everyone feel good and also relates to Oscar from the book.

Genre: Pop

Composers: Bruno Mars, Philip Lawrence, and Ari Levine

Recorded by: Larrabee Recording Studios and Levcon Studios

Produced by: The Smeezingtons

Credits:

Created with images by cherylholt - "girls children kids"

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