Ancient Africa From 300-1600 C.E By Ben Gale

The three ancient boarders are shown when they were at their peak.

Section 1

As the sizes of the empires got bigger, the desire for materials grows for all of them.

Gold that everyone would like to have.

When the empire reached their peaks, the things like materials and things that could build their empire was wanted more and that they were making money at the same time because they were exporting gold, probably one of the most wanted materials during the time. The gold could also get them what they wanted, so it would be the most valuable at the time.

Section 2


Trade among the cultures of Africa

The major trading site of West Africa, said by some to be the greatest city of the Songhai and the Mali empires. The site of Timbuktu. The major things were usually traded up north, but this city is special. The city of Timbuktu connected all of the routes that run throughout Africa. This city even connected the Silk Road to the southern parts of Europe and Northern Africa. This caused major profit of the Empires in the area because there was so much gold that they could basically trade anything from food to weaponry. This also caused the cultural diffusion because of the lack of dominating empires that traded a lot of things at the time. Meaning they were not only able to spread their kingdoms using force, but their cultures that they had were also a huge weapon. Also the market economy for the things that west Africa sold was affected by how much did the buyers want it. For west Africa, there was basically no form of rock bottom for gold at the time. Mainly the goods or commodities that were in west Africa were mainly culture and gold.

The map above does not just show the trade routes on a geographic level, but the cultural things that were traded among the routes in west Africa.

Section 3

The leaders that have not just marked history

The leaders the made the empires great again.

As the empires that existed got hit their peaks, they had leaders. Those leaders lead them to everything from financial victory to victory to war. The leader in the top right of the picture above is Mansa Musa.

The leader is assumed to be richer than some of the people today like Bill Gates. Mansa Musa was considered the greatest because of the fact that when the Mali empire was at their peak, Mansa Musa lead them by putting them in financial success by getting so much gold and creating allies by sharing the gold with them. The reason this is true is because of the fact that a article about Mansa Musa states,"ensured decades of peace and prosperity in Western Africa."

The king in the top left is Sundiata Keita, the creator of the Mali Empire. Without him the greatest amount of gold in the Mali Empire's time would not have been discovered by the Mali Empire. Reason being, he had pulled people together to do what he believed what was right and that is basically showed that he can be a great leader. Thanks to sources, historians know this because an article states,"Keita responded to the requests of his people to return to Kangaba to help them regain their independence. He assembled a coalition of Malinke chiefdom's and in 1235 led them to victory in the Battle of Kirina."

The last person is the king or emperor Sunni Ali. He was the ruler of the Songhai Empire from 1464 to 1492 C.E. He was put on this because of what he did to the military of the Songhai empire. He was his major defense system that was most effective at the time. The Songhai Empire was a major target to the Mali Empire and people can take a guess that he was the most elusive out of all of his troops in the Songhai Empire. The reason this could be true is because another article about Sunni Ali states,"...which according to traditions had resisted 99 assaults by Mali."

Thanks to

"WHI.18." Resourcesforhistoryteachers - WHI.18. Resourcesforhistoryteachers, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

"Ghana, Mali, and Songhai." Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

L, P. D. "Mali Was an Important Trading Empire. These Show GOLD and SALT Trade Routes. Another Resource Was TIMBER." Pinterest. N.p., 14 Jan. 2016. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

"UNIT 5 - WEST AFRICA." Mrgrayhistory - UNIT 5 - WEST AFRICA. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

"Musa, Mansa (1280-1337) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." Musa, Mansa (1280-1337) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

"Sundiata Keita, Hero of the Mali Empire." Sundiata Keita, Hero of the Mali Empire | African American Registry. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

"Sunni Ali." Encyclopedia of World Biography., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

For the information and help


Created with images by James St. John - "Lunaite (lunar picrite) (Northwest Africa 6950 Meteorite) 1"

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