Astronomy and Space Science for the Curious April 2017, Issue: 05

Hisar Galaxy News editorial team at the Educational Techology Conference 2017.

About thıs ıssue

Hello all Hisar Galaxy News Readers,

In this space adventure we will be covering Easter in space. For Easter, we have made an Easter bunny Astro Joy logo and written an article called Easter in Space. In this issue, just like all of our other issues, we have a planet article. The lucky planet this month is Neptune. Also, don’t forget to take a look at our new '5 interesting facts' arrival that changes astronomy in a awesome and cool way. We, the editorial team of Hisar Galaxy News, hope you enjoy our journey through space which opens the door of the unknown. Don't forget, just to know science and astronomy you have to believe, try and test the truth. Thanks for reading all of our new issues. Now let's start reading this issue to learn more about space and astronomy!

Hisar Galaxy News Editors

"Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known.."

Carl Sagan (1934-1996)

Image Credit: "Young Stars and Dusty Nebulae in Taurus".NASA.(web). Lloyd L. Smith, Deep Sky West U. APOD. 30.03.2017


This year, Easter Sunday falls on April 16, 2017. We know that kids who celebrate the holiday have Easter egg hunts on Earth but have you ever imagined how astronauts could celebrate Easter in space? Well, in the year 2013, on March 31, astronaut Chris Hadfield made a surprise of 6 plastic eggs for his crew.

A few years later, a NASA astronaut, Scott Kelly, celebrated Easter in space too.

Scott Kelly took a picture of a stuffed bunny floating in space to remember later back on Earth.

Since it would be hard for the Easter Bunny, or Santa Claus, to make it to space ;), the astronauts have to make the holiday fun on their own. So this is the challenge for them!

Astronauts have celebrated many holidays in space like Christmas in 1968. After the year 2000, when astronauts started to stay in space longer, living in the space station, they started to celebrate more holidays in addition to Christmas, such as Thanksgiving, New Year’s, Valentine's day, and even St. Patrick’s Day! Also, of course, Easter!

In space, celebrating any occasion can be difficult because the astronauts have a lot of limits trying to decorate, so the astronauts need a lot of time and energy to make the area festive.

Since holidays are usually a time to spend with close family and friends, in space, your crew becomes your family.

To everyone celebrating Easter, whether on earth or in space – Happy Easter!

by Lara Ann Türeli

Reference: “Easter in space”. (WEB). 30.03.2017

Image Credit: Astronaut Scott Kelly on Twitter. 27.03.2016

Easter Astro Joy

Last Call For Mission Europa, Maybe!

We think we know a lot about the universe and galaxy we live in while we still haven't explored a lot of the planets in our solar system! NASA' s "Mars" project has been the biggest space news for the past few years and has drawn many interested people around the world . However, could it be that NASA now reveals that they will do more then just go to Mars? It seems so that NASA has, Europa, Jupiter's icy moon in mind for it. Even though Europa is an icy moon, below its grounds its believed to have dark oceans, however organic life seems far away for astronomers since the ground and the air is mostly radioactive which allows no life for organic structures. But it's stated as the goal for this mission is to find life in one of the structures in our solar system. NASA still doesn't have this on books and papers but it has been revealed that the "board" had set their mind to it. It has been stated that this mission will be held in 2031, even designs for the Europa Lander has come to the hands of press.

Artist's illustration of the proposed Europa lander

After JUNO, this will be another attempt to explore and learn about Jupiter and its different moons. Now is this a-good-old-gossip or sooner-then-expected-truth? All eyes are now on NASA to see what will happen.


Source: "NASA has an unusually bold plan to find life on Europa". Popular Science.(Web).10.02.17

Jupiter's icy moon Europa image by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center


In the solar system, Neptune is the eighth and the farthest known planet from our Sun. The name Neptune comes from the Roman sea god, Neptunus (Poseidon). Neptune is the fourth largest planet by diameter, and third in terms of mass.

Neptune is the last planet of our solar system and it is the last gas giant in our solar system as well. It is dark and cold and surrounded by supersonic winds. It basically is a ball of hydrogen and helium and other kinds of gasses. It is thirty times further from the sun than Earth and it takes about 165 Earth years to fully orbit our big shiny sun.

by Melis Alsan and Ceren Dolu

Reference: "Neptune: Overview: The Windiest Planet". NASA.(WEB). 26.02.2017


During 25th of March, Hisar Galaxy News was proudly able to give a presentation at the 4th Educational Technology Conference (Kavram Meslek Yüksek Okulu) about the online sources and apps that support the making of Hisar Galaxy News products. Two of our editors, along with our advisor teacher, held a forty-minute presentation introducing the different apps that we often use to put together our projects, along with our unique teamwork; highlighting that no other school has middle school students from different grades who come together to create an online news about science and astronomy - let alone the team members being only made up of girls! This led to our thoughts and opinions on girls being more involved in STEAM activities. We were able to share our knowledge, experiences and benefits of our projects with other teachers. At end of the day we left the college with motivated minds and new ideas, along with the honour and pride of being a part of Hisar Galaxy News editorial team.


Hisar Galaxy News editorial team members were at ETP 2017


1- Venus is the second planet from the Sun and is the second brightest object in the night sky after the Moon.

2- The Apollo astronauts' footprints on the moon will probably stay there for at least 100 million years. Since the moon doesn't have an atmosphere, there's no wind or water to erode or wash away the Apollo astronauts' marks on the moon. That means their footprints, rover tracks, spaceship prints, and discarded materials will stay preserved on the moon for a very long time.

3- Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the second smallest planet in the solar system.

4- If two pieces of the same type of metal touch in space, they will bond and be permanently stuck together. This amazing effect is called cold welding. It happens because in the void of space the atoms of the individual pieces of metal have no way of knowing that they are different pieces of metal, so the lumps join together. This wouldn't happen on earth because there is air and water separating the pieces.

5-The largest asteroid ever recorded is a mammoth piece of space rock named Ceres. The asteroid is almost 600 miles in diameter (nearly twice as big as Enceladus! - see article ‘Water Underneath’). It's by far the largest in the asteroid belt and accounts for a whole third of the belt's mass. The surface area is approximately equal to the land area of India or Argentina. It's so big, there's actually some debate over whether to refer to it as a dwarf planet instead of an asteroid, even if it has mostly asteroid-like qualities. Ceres piques our interest specifically, as water in the form of ice has been spotted on its surface.

by Serra Çelik

Reference: History

The comic of the month by Dalya Kinsizer

Hisar Galaxy News Editorial Team

Melis ALSAN, Ceren DOLU, Serra ÇELİK, Dalya KİNSİZER, Lal MENASE and Lara Ann TÜRELİ

Special thanks to John Gell, Hisar Middle School English teacher interested in astronomy.

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NASA Images

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