Fairy Tales of the World France

Geography

The Paris Basin

Location

France lies near the western end of the Eurasian landmass. On the northeast it is bordered by Belgium and Luxembourg, on the east by Germany, Switzerland, and Italy, the Mediterranean Sea, Spain, and Andorra to the south, the west by the Bay of Biscay, and the English Channel to the northwest.

Eiffel Tower

Physical characteristics

The land consists mostly of low-lying plains, plateaus, and mountains. Coastal lowlands stretch along 1,000 mi of sandy beaches and rocky cliffs. The Paris Basin dominates the coastline with fertile flatlands, green, forested hills, and rivers that empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Plants are also part of France’s geography. Most of France lies in the Holarctic biogeographical vegetational region. There are many oak, chestnut, pine, and beech trees in uplands that receive rainfall. Another province is the Mediterranean province which includes xerophytic plants because of the drought of summer. These include the evergreen oak, the cork oak, heathers, cistuses, and lavenders. The main plant of the plateaus is the maquis.

Norte Dame de Paris

Climate

Most of France lies in a temperate climate zone, although in southern areas the climate can be distinguished as subtropical. France’s main climate is oceanic because of the North Atlantic Drift and Mediterranean Sea.

The oceanic region includes the northwest and Brittany. It has a low annual temperatures and lots of humidity and rainfall.

The continental region includes the plains of the northwest. The greatest temperature range in France is in the city of Strasbourg. Winters are cold and summers have storms and rain. The Paris Basin is somewhere between the oceanic climate and the continental climate. There is light rainfall in season other than summer, where there is very heavy rainfall.

The Louvre

Population

The population of France is about 66 million.

Chartres Cathedral

Culture

People

The French are the healthiest, wealthiest, and best-educated people in the world.

Ethinic Groups

Although the ethnic group is predominantly French, many other ethnic groups are found in France too. These include: Algerian and Moroccan Berber, Italian, Portuguese, Moroccan Arab, Fleming, Algerian Arab, Basque, Jewish, and many more. 90% of people consider themselves “French.”

Language

The official language of France is French. The French language came from philosophy about the “law of the soil.” Some people tend to conserve their religious customs of language through their own tradition.

Religion

Although there is no national religion, about three-fifths of the French people are Roman-Catholic. France also has one of Europe’s largest Muslim populations (about 5 million.)

Customs and traditions

The French people socialize at sidewalk cafes and cozy bistros during a lunch break or after work. The French are very devoted to holidays such as Easter and Christmas. Many attractions can be visited if traveling to France. The most popular sport is soccer. French workers receive 5 weeks of vacation and receive a high quality of life- ensure everyone has access to health care and basic needs (food, housing, clothing.)

French cuisine

The French have a passion for food. The fertile soil allows them to grow fresh fruits, vegetables, herbs, grains, and meat. Grapes are also produced to make wine. French wine consists of some of the finest wines in the world. Alcohol and eating determine many things in society. The way a person eats represents their heritage, region of birth, and social status. The presentation of food is just as important as the taste. French cuisine includes:

  • Some fruits and spices from Africa and Asia are yellow saffron and kumquat fruit.
  • Baguette (French bread)
  • Baguette sandwiches accompanied by potatoes
  • Onion soup
  • Fromage (cheese bread) served with- Brie, chèvre, Roquefort, Camembert
  • Yule logs at Christmas
  • Crepes
  • Chocolate mousse
  • Steak frites

The Three Oranges

By: Barbara Leonie Picard

Synopsis

The Three Oranges is a fairy tail that takes place in a far-off kingdom in France. There lives a king and a princess. On the princess's eighteenth birthday she falls ill. No doctors can cure her but if she gets three oranges from an orange tree in the garden where snow never falls. If one succeeds, they will marry the princess. Now in a small village three sons hear about this and the first, eldest son sets off for the orange tree. Along the way, he stops for a rest on a nearby tree and meets a magical woman. She asks him what is in his basket and she tells her there are three frogs. She knows she was lied to so she turns the oranges into three frogs. The next son sets off to the orange tree and rests on the same tree as his brother. When he is asked what he has in his basket he says three snakes. Again, the magical woman turns the oranges into three snakes. The third son sets off and sits down at the same tree. When he is asked, he tells the truth and the magical woman gives him three gifts to help him complete the three tasks he will be given by the king. When he arrives at the castle the king gives him three tasks and he easily completes them. In the end the youngest peasant and the princess get married. He gave his mother a fine house and lots of money and she never had to work again.

Special beginning

The special beginning in The Three Oranges is "Long time ago there was a king who had a daughter as good as she was beautiful" (Picard).

Good character

The protagonist is the youngest son of elderly widow who, when asked what he is doing, does not lie. He was a "cheerful, kindly lad who worked hard enough for three" (Picard).

Evil character

The evil character is either the king who was unimpressed after the peasant brought his daughter the three oranges or the two eldest boys that were "lazy and shiftless and good-for-nothing" (Picard).

Royalty

The royalty in the fairy tale would be the king and princess.

Magic

There was a magical women in this fairy tale. When each of the sons sat down at a certain tree, a magical women would approach them and ask them what they had in their basket. If they lied she would and said it was something other than three oranges she would turn the oranges into whatever they said. If they told the truth she would help them by giving them three gifts that would help them complete the three tasks given by the king.

Problem

The problem in this story is that the princess has fallen ill on her eighteenth birthday. The doctors say there is no cure.

Solution

The solution to this problem is bringing her three oranges from a specific tree in a garden in a far away land.

Connection between fairy tale and france

The connection between the fairy tale and France is probably the royalty and castle. France has many famous castles such as Château Galliard and Château de Falaise.

Credits:

Created with images by (vincent desjardins) - "France, Pas-de-Calais : forêt de Vimy" • Deni Williams - "Parque Nacional do Iguaçú / Iguaçu National Park" • 3dman_eu - "france eiffel tower le tour eiffel" • KJGarbutt - "Notre Dam" • EdiNugraha - "louvre pyramid paris" • guy_dugas - "chartres cathedral medieval cathedral" • Gareth1953 All Right Now - "Honfleur - March 2009 - Real Cafe Culture" • shoelessRVA_photography - "sunset park bridge" • marcberryreid - "Bonjour" • Oldmermaid - "pasta fettuccine food" • caligula1995 - "PB282111 South Pasadena 20131128" • fusion-of-horizons - "Heresti" • Alexas_Fotos - "book pitched book pages" • pixelcreatures - "heart castle love" • ColdSmiling - "noble castle hofburg imperial palace" • astrangelyisolatedplace - "Magic" • TeroVesalainen - "question mark hand drawn solution" • Unsplash - "light bulb lightbulb light" • malikyounas - "Culzean Castle" Britannica- http://quest.eb.com/search/181_703164/1/181_703164/cite Britannica Image Quest- http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/France/110436 "France." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, edited by Timothy L. Gall and Derek M. Gleason, 13th ed., Gale, 2012. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ2305100233/SUIC?u=wa&xid=ca07c602. Accessed 7 Apr. 2017. Picad, Barbara Leonie. French Legends, Tales and Fairy Stories. Amen House, London, Oxford University Press, 1955 Scholastic Library Publishing, Inc. Lands and Peoples. Copyright by Scholastic Library Publishing, Inc. 2005

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