Essential Rules of Basic Photography Alfredo Lugo


Declutter the background, zoom in tight to eliminate background "distractions", or change your angle so your subject remains the focus of the image.

The lady bug is the main attention of the photo,there are no other distractions in the picture. The black background makes the color of the lady bug pop. The exposure of the picture is good because it is not too bright or to dark. The lady bug is the only thing in focus, and it is a sharp focus. The depth of field was shallow because only a bit is in focus. The lighting in the photo is soft light because there are no areas where the sun hits hard or any bright areas. The colors in the photo were great, they were vibrant and popped out.


Create a sense of movement by adding active space (the area your subject is facing) and eliminating dead space (the area behind your subject).


The main attention of the photo is the model. The model was in focus and noting else was there so its the main subject.There are no other distractions in the photo. The exposure is good because its not to bright or dark. The lighting was also good because it was soft light the sun wasn't hitting her right in the face. There is no visible depth of filed. The colors are okay they are a bit vibrant and obvious.

Leading Lines

Use architectural lines - walls, fences, roads, or any lines to lead the eye through the photograph and draw attention toward the main subject.

In the picture of the toy it is the main attention, there are no other distractions. In the picture the exposure is good because it could have been brightened up a bit more.but is still decent. The focus is the toy and the line leading towards the toy, it is a soft focus. The depth of field is shallow, and it works out. The the lighting is soft because there are no harsh rays and was a cloudy day covering the sun. The colors in the image are good,but it could have been better. It could have been more effective if I would have changed the color of the floor or at least have a different color of flooring.

Rule of Thirds

Frame your image with the subject off center it's more pleasing to the eye and appears more natural than placing the subject in the center.

The main attention of the photo is the bird and it is the first thing you see. The exposure of the picture is good, it could have been increased a bit. The bird is the only thing in focus, the high shutter speed allowed me to capture it in the air while flying. There is no depth of field or at least it is not visible, since there is nothing in the background that could be blurred. The lighting is soft because it was a cloudy day so it covered the sun. There were no real colors since the bird was black and white.

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