Elevation on land and sea
In the heart of the temperate Central Highlands, the Meseta Central is an expansive valley at an average elevation of 5,000 feet above sea level. Costa Rica is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. The Caribbean Sea has a depth of 25,220 feet. The North Pacific ocean reaches depths of 35,797 ft.
Major landforms and bodies of water, rivers, and glaciers
Most of Costa Rica is dominated by the Sierra Madre mountains, literally fractured into individual ranges and valleys by violent volcanic eruptions over eons of time. Speaking of volcanoes, the country's most active one (cone-shaped Arenal), located in the Tilaran Mountains erupts in some measure almost every day. Costa Rica has many major bodies of water. There are any lakes and rivers, including Lake Arenal, The Pacuare River, and The Celeste River. There are Glacial lake sediments and glacial geomorphology in Valle de las Morrenas, a glacial trough on the north face of Cerro Chirripó, Costa Rica. The most recent glacier in the valley (Chirripó stage I) receded very rapidly near the end of the Younger Dryas chronozone.
The populations primary way of life, the percentage of urban professional, the percentage of urban and rural industrial, and the percentage of rural agrarian
Costa Rica has a large, professional middle class, and a relatively equal distribution of wealth. The urban population in 2015 was 76.8 percent. In 2014, 5.2 percent of the economy was agricultural. The urban population in 2014 was 75.9 percent and the rural percentage is 24.1 percent.
Major ecosystems, forests, deserts, and grasslands
Costa Rica has tropical dry forests and tropical rainforests. There are also cloud forests in Costa Rica. A tropical rainforest is Santa Elena National Park cloud forest. There are no desert regions in Costa Regions and there are temperate grasslands.
Climate, average temperatures, seasonal changes, major weather patterns, and what season did the earthquake occurred in
The Pacific coast around Guanacaste is hot and dry, perfect for the many world-class beaches. Costa Rica itself has an average temperature of 70 F to 81 F. Due to its proximity to the equator, it has no real summer or winter. It does however have a rainy season from May to November. There are seasonal temperatures and fluctuating trade winds. During much of the dry season, trade winds arrive from the northeast. During the rainy season, the northeast trade winds diminish and moist air arrives from the Pacific, bringing rain to much of the country. In this season, the Pacific coast is rainy while the caribbean coast is warm and dry. The earthquake occurred in the rainy (winter) season.
Population statistics and distribution
In 2013, there were 4.872 people in Costa Rica. In 2009, Costa Rica had a population of 4,579,000. The population is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. At current trends the population will increase to 9,158,000 in about 46 years. The population density is 94 people per square km, the third highest in Central America.
Other features, properties, and unique events surrounding the earthquake
Most of Costa Rica is dominated by the Sierra Madre mountains, literally fractured into individual ranges and valleys by violent volcanic eruptions over eons of time. Costa Rica's territorial division includes 7 provinces, which are: San José, Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia, Guanacaste, Puntarenas, and Limón.One of the most colorful and dramatic Costa Rican celebrations is the Festival of the Little Devils in February. The Boruca put on masks representing devils and do stylized battle with the invading Spanish. These festivals occur near the epicenter of where the earthquake occurred, the Nicoya Peninsula.
The first European explorer to encounter Costa Rica was the Christopher Columbus. The day was September 18, 1502, and Columbus was making his fourth and final voyage to the New World.
Major population centers affected by the earthquake
The maximum intensity was reached in Nosara near the epicenter. Some 1,650 aftershocks occurred in the following five days, including one of 5.4 magnitude about 13 km southeast of Playa Sámara on September 8 at.
How earthquakes have been a part of the community prior to this event
Costa Rica has experienced many earthquakes in the past. An earthquake occurs every few years and they range from a magnitude of 5.7 to 7.6.