Islam Julia Mccann

Origin

Saudi Arabia

The Islamic faith is a monotheistic religion, followers of the Islamic religion are referred to as Muslims. Muslims believe in one God, known as the Allah. It is believed that Muhammad was the prophet of Allah, and is responsible for spreading the teachings of the faith. He began his teachings in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in A.D. 610. The Islamic faith is somewhat related to Judaism and Christianity in a few aspects. Each of these religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic. A few of the religion's denominations take part in somewhat similar holidays, as well as the Islamic holidays.

Major Beliefs

Quran

The Muslim people believe that Adam, from the Bible's Old Testament, was Allah's first prophet, and Muhammad was Allah's main prophet. Muhammad is the religion's leader. People of the Islamic religion worship at sacred site that is open for all Muslims, Makkah. Muslims practicing the faith are to visit and pray facing Makkah five times each day. The Five Pillars of Islam, which is the affirmation of the believe in Allah and Muhammad, states that all Muslims who are physically and financially able are required to make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca at one point in their lifetime. Muslims follow the sacred text of Islam, known as the Quran. Excerpts of the text are repeated by all Muslims during their daily prayers at Makkah. The Quran explains the belief that Allah created nature and without his doing so, nothing would exist.

Sects of the Religion

The Islamic religion has two branches, the Sunni and the Shia. The main difference between the Sunni and Shia branch is based on the history of the Muslim state. Muslims who fall into the Shia branch believe that rulers should descend from Muhammad. On the other branch, are the Sunni Muslims. These people believe that rulers need only be followers of Muhammad. The majority of Muslims (87%-90%) fall under the Sunni branch.

Mecca

Key Holidays and Celebrations

  • Ramadan- For one month, the Muslim people celebrate and remember the time in which Muhammad received the Quran from Allah. During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset for the entire month. It is believed to help followers of the religion focus on spiritual matters instead of bodily matters, and to have empathy for one another.
  • Pilgrimage to Makkah- At some point in one's life, Muslims are required to provide a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca if he or she is able.

Credits:

Created with images by u07ch - "Jerusalem Al Aqsa Mosque Dome of the ROck" • H.anadi - "Quran" • Camera Eye - "Holly Ka'ba"

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