The Muslim people believe that Adam, from the Bible's Old Testament, was Allah's first prophet, and Muhammad was Allah's main prophet. Muhammad is the religion's leader. People of the Islamic religion worship at sacred site that is open for all Muslims, Makkah. Muslims practicing the faith are to visit and pray facing Makkah five times each day. The Five Pillars of Islam, which is the affirmation of the believe in Allah and Muhammad, states that all Muslims who are physically and financially able are required to make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca at one point in their lifetime. Muslims follow the sacred text of Islam, known as the Quran. Excerpts of the text are repeated by all Muslims during their daily prayers at Makkah. The Quran explains the belief that Allah created nature and without his doing so, nothing would exist.
Sects of the Religion
The Islamic religion has two branches, the Sunni and the Shia. The main difference between the Sunni and Shia branch is based on the history of the Muslim state. Muslims who fall into the Shia branch believe that rulers should descend from Muhammad. On the other branch, are the Sunni Muslims. These people believe that rulers need only be followers of Muhammad. The majority of Muslims (87%-90%) fall under the Sunni branch.