The US Constitution 6 guiding principles


The U.S Constitution was written on September 17th, 1787, and signed on September 17th, 1787. It was a written document based on six principles, Popular sovereignty, Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Federalism, Checks and Balances, and Representative Government. The American people drafted the document because they wanted to strengthen the Federal Government.


The beliefs of Popular Sovereignty is that all the governments powers come from the people. For example, in the Preamble, it states "We The People" It's saying that the people have control on the government, so it balances power.


The basics of Limited Government is the Constitution states what powers the government has. In addition, government leaders are not above the law. In Article two, Section one, Clause two, it states you can't be in one branch and serve for another. For example, if your a senate, you can't run for president. Another example is in Amendment three, which states that no person can quarter any house because the people don't allow it.


The ideas of Separation of Powers is where the three branches of government all split power. The three branches of government are the Executive, Legislature, and the Judicial Branch. In Article one, Section three, Clause four, it explains that the Vice President can't vote. Another example is in Article three, Section one, Clause two, it explains the powers of the Judicial Branch is handled in one Supreme Court.


The principle of Federalism divides power between the states and Federal government. Therefore, instead of the Federal government having all the power, they split the power in half to maintain the balance of power. In the constitution, Article one, Section 10, Clause one, it gives examples of powers denied for the states. One example is states can't print their own money. In Article one, Section nine, Clause five, it gives examples denied to Congress. One example is the Federal government can't create state taxes.


The rules of Checks and Balances limits a domineering center of power. In the Constitution, Article two, Section two, Clause three, states that the President can fill up all the vacancies that will expire by the end of their term. Another example is in Article one, Section two, Clause five it states the House of Representatives can impeach the President.


The assumption of Representative Government is when elections occur voted by the Electoral College. This principle shows an indirect democracy. In Article one, Section three, Clause one, it states people can vote for senator every six years. Another example is in Article one, Section two, Clause one, it states the House of Representatives gets voted by the people every two years.

Quick Quiz!

1. What are the six guiding principles of the Constitution?

2. State in your own words what you think Federalism means.

3. Write in your own words what Popular Sovereignty is.

4. How is Separation of Powers similar to Federalism?

5. What would the consequences be if we didn't have limited government?

6. Design another principle for the Constitution, and explain it.


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