National women of history By Niah Galvan, March 7th

Most people ask who is Daisy Bates. Daisy Bates is best remembered as a guiding force behind one of the biggest battles for school integration in the nation’s history.

Obstacles Faced During her Lifetime:

  1. Bates played a crucial role in the fight against segregation, as well as being the head of the NAACP’s Arkansas branch.
  2. Bates lost both of her parents. Her mother was sexually assaulted and murdered by three white men and her father left her. Her childhood was marked by tragedy.
  3. Bates was a young black woman fighting for rights for herself and others.
  4. Bates also received numerous threats, but this never stopped her from her job.
  5. Her and her husband lost the Arkansas State Press, a weekly African-American newspaper. The paper championed civil rights.

Accomplishments Made During her Lifetime.

  1. After the death of her husband in 1980, she revived their newspaper, from 1984-1988.
  2. In 1957, Bates helped nine African American students to become the first to attend the all-white Central High School in Little Rock. Which was eventually known as the Little Rock Nine.
  3. Daisy became the president of Arkansas chapter of the National Association for Advancement of Colored People in 1952.
  4. After coming from a horrific childhood, she wound up becoming an important woman in history.
  5. Daisy received an innumerable amount of awards, including an honorary degree from the University of Arkansas. For her career in social activism.

Time Period: (November 11, 1914 – November 4, 1999)

Personal Qualities:

  • Caring
  • Helpful
  • Hard-Working
  • Intelligent
  • Thoughtful
  • Wise
  • Clever
  • Well-Spoken
  • Educated
  • Kind-Hearted
  • Unselfish
  • Honorable
  • Companionable
  • Brilliant
  • Smart
  • Capable
  • Self-Confident
  • Sociable
  • Positive
  • Strong-Minded
  • Confident
  • Fearless
  • Strong
  • Brave
  • Bold
Honorary degree from the University of Arkansas

Timeline of Daisy Bates:

(1914)

  • Was born on November 11,1914 in Huttig, Arkansas.
  • By the murder of her mother and the disappearance of her father. Daisy was raised by family friends.
  • Developed a disdain for discrimination, when an incident happened with a local butcher, when she was younger.

(1940's)

  • Bates met Lucious Christopher. The couple got married in the early 40's and moved to Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Together they operated the Arkansas State Press, a African-American newspaper that championed civil rights.
  • Bates joined the civil rights movement.

(1952)

  • Daisy became the president of Arkansas chapter of the National Association for Advancement of Colored People.
  • As the head of the NAACP's Arkansas Branch, Bates played a crucial role in the fight against segregation.

(1954)

  • In 1954 only African American students who tried to enroll in white schools were turned away in Arkansas.
  • Bates and her husband chronicled this battle in their newspaper.

(1957)

  • She helped nine African-American students to become the first to attend the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, who became Little Rock Nine.

(1959)

  • The newspaper she and her husband worked on was closed in 1959 because of low advertising revenue.
  • Her account of the school integration battle was published as The Long Shadow of Little Rock.
  • She moved to Washington, D.C., to work for the Democratic National Committee and on antipoverty projects for the Lyndon B. Johnson’s administration.

(mid-1960s)

  • Returned back to Little Rock.
  • Spent much of her time on community programs.

(1980)

  • After her husband passed away, she revived their newspaper for serveral years, from (1984-1988).

(1999)

  • Daisy Lee Bates died on November 4, 1999, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Quote by Daisy Lee Bates:

~No man or woman who tries to pursue an ideal in his or her own way is without enemies~

Stamp

(Resources)

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daisy_Bates_(civil_rights_activist)
  • http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=591
  • http://kingencyclopedia.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_bates_daisy_1914_1999/
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Daisy-Bates-civil-rights-leader
  • http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14563865

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