Diabetes type 2

Type 2 Diabetes

When you have type 2 diabetes your cells have become insulin resistant, and can not receive glucose. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It's what lets glucose give energy to your cells. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells don't use it as well as they should. Doctors call this insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But eventually it can't keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead.
Just because you have to have a diet and exercise to burn off calories doesn't mean you cant eat unhealthy foods. you can have snacks in portion. control is key when you have type 2 diabetes. To follow a healthy diet, you must first understand how different foods affect your blood sugar. Carbohydrates, which are found in grains, bread, pasta, milk, sweets, fruit, and starchy vegetables, are broken down into glucose in the blood faster than other types of food, which raises blood sugar levels. Protein and fats do not directly impact blood sugar, but both should be consumed in moderation. · A good guideline for diabetics is to limit total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal (no more than 180 grams per day). · A good guideline for a diabetic plate of food would be ¼ protein, ¼ starch, ½ non starchy vegetables. · Daily the ratio of percentage of grams in the diet for a diabetic should be: 55:20:25 (carbs:fats:protein). · Nutrient dense carbohydrates are recommended: ex. Wheat instead of white bread, whole fruit not juice, etc. because fiber does not raise blood sugar.
You prick your finger with a small, sharp needle (called a lancet) and put a drop of blood on a test strip. Then you put the test strip into a meter that shows your blood sugar level. You get results in less than 15 seconds and can store this information for future use. Some meters can tell you your average blood sugar level over a period of time and show you charts and graphs of your past test results. You can get blood sugar meters and strips at your local pharmacy. this is what your looking for, A1C: is a test that you get from your doctor to see how much sugar has been in your blood over a 3 month period. it should be around 7% A1C may also be reported as eAG: 154 mg/dl Before a meal (preprandial plasma glucose): 80–130 mg/dl 1-2 hours after beginning of the meal (Postprandial plasma glucose)*: Less than 180 mg/dl
exercise is a crucial aspect to having type 2 diabetes. there is no other way to keep your blood sugar down besides burning off calories. exercise is a win win situation, because you can get in shape and you can also keep you from dangerous situations such as blacking out in public areas, or even worse on your own. exercise is a very important for type 2 diabetics. Diabetics are recommended to exercise 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. This grand totals into at least 150 minutes a week. Strength Training is also a great way to make your body more sensitive to insulin. Type I Diabetics need to be aware of their blood sugar and should always have a sugary item on stand-by during exercise just in case their blood sugar gets too low. Along with exercise a diet like the one describe earlier is recommended.

CITATION

American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/

Google. https://www.gstatic.com/healthricherkp/pdf/type_2_diabetes.pdf

Brainy Quotes. Diabetes Quotes. https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/diabetes.html

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