Vipassana is the culminating form of meditation in Theravada, "The Way of the Elders", the Buddhism of southeast Asia. This form of meditation is superior to others because it leads to distinctive buddhist insights, above all the wisdom by one is liberated and transcends into Nirvana.
Nirvana - a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism.
Discussion Question 1: Why is the Buddhist meditation, Vipassana, superior to the others?
Discussion Question 2: How is Nirvana similar to an extinguished fire?
The particular insights are that existence is characterized by anicca, or impermanence; dukkha, or suffering; and anatman, or no selfhood.
By mindfulness, it is easy to see how one's actions, feelings and thoughts change. Since none of these last, if one tries to find happiness in either of them, the pleasure is brief and the suffering at its absence is long.
Eventually, over many meditations, possibly over several lifetimes, a Nirvana reality is stabilized and one becomes entirely liberated.
Ajahn Chah was an influential Thai monk who trained several important Buddhist teachers. He was introduced to the monastic life at the age of 9, but returned to work on the family farm. At age 20, he went went back to seek formal ordination as a monk. He then established himself in a forest hermitage years later.
5 General Precepts of Sila in Buddhism
1. Do not harm any living being
2. Do not engage in sexual misconduct
3. Do not lie
4. Do not lose control through alcohol
5. Do not lose control through drugs
5 More Specific to Monks
1. Do not eat after midday
2. Do not watch frivolous entertainment
3. Do not wear perfumes and jewelry
4. Do not sleep on a high or soft bed
5. Do not use money