The Moors invaded Spain
They were the last group to invade Spain. In 711 A.D., Arabs, Berbers, Syrians, invaded the la peninsula . They came out of Africa because they were getting religiously persecuted and cultural persecuted. They easily defeated Visigoth Kingdoms and conquered nearly all of the peninsula.
In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from his marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. Annexed Portugal, Dutch declare independence from Spain: starts war involving England. In 1588, Spain’s invincible Armada defeated by England.
War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. The war ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today
Rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid beings War of Spanish Independance. Joseph Bonaparte removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence. Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.
The Bourbons return to the throne wit the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875-1885, followed by his son Alfonso XIII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death). His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of its last remaining colonies in 1898 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.