La Historia de España Alyssa BarnaK 8 estrellas

Welcome to my Website. I will be talking about the Complete History of Spain. I will be el hablar about the wars and battles involved in this time period, the rulers who ruled, and some of the background of Spain.

Spain had pit stops for many reasons. The pit stop could be used to stop and get things and also for refueling. It could be used for trade and it could be used as a place to repair boats.

The 1st people to invade Spain were a group called the Celtas. The name of "Iberian Peninsula" llegar from this group. The Celtic la cultura still has been influences by Galicia. For example, the bagpipes and the el idioma come from this culture group.

The Romans were the 2nd group to invadir were the Romans. The Roman Empire ampliado.

The Goths has a kingdom called "the Kingdom of the Visigoths." That el reino came out of Germany.

The Moors invaded Spain

They were the last group to invade Spain. In 711 A.D., Arabs, Berbers, Syrians, invaded the la peninsula . They came out of Africa because they were getting religiously persecuted and cultural persecuted. They easily defeated Visigoth Kingdoms and conquered nearly all of the peninsula.

The Reconquest

They were continual la pelea between Christian kingdoms in the north of peninsula dn Muslims. The Muslims controlled the South. They were fighting over la religion and there is not a real winner in this battle. Santiago : "Matamoros" - Patron el santo of Spain and Kill the Moors.

Reyes Catolicos

There were a couple Catholic Kings. Fernando of Aragon was a fat dejado and did nothing while in power. Isabel of Castilla was a war monger and she wouldn't let her troops go into battle unless she ir to battle.

The Spanish Inquisición

In 1492, the last Moorish king was defeated, and all muslims remaining in Spain were forzado to leave or convert to christianity. In 1502, success was dado against the Muslims, and it was decided that all jews need to leave Spain or convert. To get them to convert, they would be atormentado and interrogated until they confessed or out them on trial and later be executed.

Popes

Pope Sixtus IV allowed the expulsando a of non catholics. Papa Innocent IV permitido torture of all non católico.

Gold Diggers and Habsburg Kings

Mujeres casadas for power and not money. Juana, the daughter of Fernando and Isabel, married Felipe (el Hermoso) of the powerful Habsburg family. She is known as "la Loca" (the crazy.) Legend has it that when Felipe died, she llevaron su ataúd through the streets of Granada, and stopped often to besar el cadáver del rey muerto.

Felipe II is tener by his so, the aptly named Felipe III (1598-1621) Felipe III died and his son takes the throne - Felipe IV. Felipe IV regions from 1621-1665. He reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history : the Siglo de Oro.

Carlos I (1516-1556)

He is the son of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso. He is the Holy Roman Emperor. Under his rule, the Spanish Empire grew rapidly.

Road Warriors

Carlos V utilizar los fondos that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. Spain is under Carlos V and became one of the staunchest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation across Europe. He passed on this legacy to his successor, his son Felipe.

Felipe II

In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from his marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. Annexed Portugal, Dutch declare independence from Spain: starts war involving England. In 1588, Spain’s invincible Armada defeated by England.

The Greco

Greco was a painter from Greece, and his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos. He traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him.

War

War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. The war ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today

Rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid beings War of Spanish Independance. Joseph Bonaparte removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence. Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.

The Bourbons

Competent rulers, but they are more concerned with life at court. The efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.

Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel. The country is divided on the issues of a woman rule. Supporters of Fernando’s brother, and Carlos faces off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas” Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868.

More Bourbon Troubles

Isabel II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. An short-lived experiment places King Amadeo of Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873. First Spanish Republic is proclaimed in 1873. It ends in 1874 and it only lasted one year.

The Bourbons return to the throne wit the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875-1885, followed by his son Alfonso XIII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death). His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of its last remaining colonies in 1898 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.

Alfonso XIII

He was unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country. Alfonso XIII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from years 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.

The second Republic of spain was established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools.

The new government creates an even deeper political and social divide. The military, the Church and the upper classes think there are too many changes going on. Socialists and Communist factions think there are not enough changes and want more change, faster.

Civil War

General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. Franco’s fascist troops was aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help. The war ends in 1939, with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning

Francisco Franco

Fascist dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. He idealized “glory years” of Spain under Carlos V and Felipe II. The gender roles, religion, regionalism banned, censorship. Exile of artists, intellectuals, scientists

Basque terrorist group ETA assassinates Franco’s chosen successor. Franco chooses grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over. Upon Franco’s death in 1975, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes King of Spain

On March 11, 2004, Islamic fundamentalist terrorists place bombs on several commuter trains in Madrid, killing nearly 200 and injuring over 2000.

2 days after the attack, elections proclaim Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero the new Prime Minister of Spain. His first action, as promised, was to withdraw Spanish troops from the US war with Iraq. He won re-election in 2008.

As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the President of the Government.

Credits:

Created with images by rick ligthelm - "Barcelona, Spain" • tpsdave - "palace castle charles v" • pasa47 - "Lil Pit Stop (3)" • Miguel. (respenda) - "Numancia. Soria." • Martin Cooper Ipswich - "The Colosseum" • pedrosimoes7 - "The Óbidos' Castle" • Anna & Michal - "Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba" • Anna & Michal - "Alhambra, Granada" • Moyan_Brenn - "Spain" • http://klarititemplateshop.com/ - "Spanish Inquisition, Plaza Mayor, Madrid" • Catedrales e Iglesias - "Capilla de los Santos Ángeles,Catedral Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México" • traveLink - "usa arizona quartzsite" • Pexels - "nature church spain" • jl.cernadas - "2031-Convento de Loeches (Madrid)" • ell brown - "Old Royal Naval College from the grounds of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich - King William Court and Queen Mary Court" • Cea. - "[ G ] El Greco & Workshop - Saint Francis in Prayer (c.1600s)" • charlemagne - "saint chapelle bourbon lilly paris" • jl.cernadas - "620-Parque Retiro (Madrid)" • sybarite48 - "Germigny-des-Prés (Loiret)." • JaimePF55 - "tower gold seville" • DUrban - "gettysburg pennsylvania battlefield" • Efraimstochter - "spain flag flutter" • mivservices - "gran vía madrid spain"

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