Population of about 2.2 million, Qatar is a small country that borders Saudi Arabia. The island lies between latitudes 27 and 24 degrees North, and longitudes 50 and 52 degrees East. The main body of water that surrounds it is the Persian Gulf, but to the Southeast, is the Inland Sea. Doha, the capital, holds a lot of Qatar's inhabitants. Out of the 2.2 million people, Doha's population is about 800,000. Considering this is a very small country, it can hold a large amount of people.
Humans have been living on Qatar for about 50,000 years. They have been ruled by four countries within the last 1,000 years. Finally, in 1971, they gained independence. Their flag, Al-Adaam, was adopted in 1971, right before they gained independence. The 9 edges that separate the maroon and white mean that Qatar was the 9th country to become a member of the 'Reconciled Emirates'.