Quickening: the moment in pregnancy when the pregnant woman starts to feel or perceive fetal movements in the uterus
The 1973 Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade was a landmark decision that extended the “right to privacy” to the decision to have an abortion, noting that the right needed to be balanced against the state’s interests in protecting women’s health and that of the potential child. A year after this decision, the first use of the term “pro-choice,” a way to describe abortion advocates, was documented.
Twenty years later, “The Economist” named the birth control pill one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World amid repeated acts of violence against abortion centers and clinical staff. Since the late 1970s, over 250 anti-abortion violent crimes have been reported to the extent that a 1997 Supreme Court case upheld a fixed 15-foot buffer zone around clinic doorways, driveways and parking lot entrances.
When the HIV/AIDS epidemic during the 1980s forced Americans to reconsider sexual issues beyond fertility, growing awareness about population control led abortion opponents to accuse advocates of racism and genetic discrimination. Despite limited evidence, the opposers began to spread conspiracy theories of an agenda to reduce the African American birth rate in the United States.