Foundations of Reform - Some efforts to reform American society came out of new religious movements such as The second great awakening was Protestant religious rivival movement. The movement began around 1790. Another movement was the transcendentalism this was the belief in the goodness of man. They believed that a self reliant man could change the society.
Abolitionists - In the 1800s many Americans were speaking out against slavery. The abolitionist movement began in the 1830s. The abolitionist wanted to end slavery in the United States. From the 1830s until 1870s the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves.
Womens rights - During the 1840s woman weren't allowed to vote or hold office, any wages they earned belong to their husbands. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton hosted the Seneca Falls convention. The Seneca Falls convention took the lead in proposing that woman be granted the right to vote . Soon New York passed laws allowing woman to keep property.
Prison Reform - A Boston teacher named Dorothea Dix agreed to teach a Sunday school at a jail. She was horrified to see that many inmates were in chains and locked in cages. Children that were charged of thefts were put in jail with the adult criminals. She wanted to find out if the conditions in other jails were the same . Most of the people who were insane were locked up in crowded cells. Dorothea and other reformers agreed that the mentally ill needed to be treated and cared , not punished. Soon lawmakers voted to create public asylums.
Temperance Movement - The Temperance Movement was a public campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol. Reformers linked abuse to crime , the separation of families , and illnesses. During the 1850s Mine banned the sale of alcohol.
Public Education - In the mid 1800s few children attended school because of the cost. Horace Mann. Horace Mann spoke to the citizens about the importance of school. Reformers noticed education was a way of solving problems in society. The citizens of Massachusetts voted to pay taxes to get better schools and to give the teachers a higher salary . Soon Manns ideas spread.