11. A delegate is a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.
National committee issues a “call” (a formal announcement) for the convention
Each state party gets a certain # of delegates based on that State’s electoral vote
Some states get bonus delegates for good past support
An example of this is 2004: Republican Party – 2,509 delegates
Democratic Party – 4,353 delegates
NOT a deliberative body!
State laws &/or party rules decide how state delegates are chosen – a reflection of federalism
Republican party: delegate selection based on State law & State organizations
Democratic party: adopted several national rules adopted to broaden participation in the process (especially by young, minorities, & women)
12. (in the US) a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Voters do not vote directly for the President. Instead, they vote for electors in the electoral college.
All States, except two (Maine and Nebraska), select electors based on the winner of the popular vote in that State.
Electors then meet in the State capitals on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December and cast their votes for President and Vice President.
On January 6, the electoral votes cast are counted by the president of the Senate, and the President and Vice President are formally elected.
If no candidate wins a majority of electoral votes (270), the election is thrown into the House of Representatives.
There are three major defects in the electoral college:
1) It is possible to win the popular vote in the presidential election, but lose the electoral college vote. This has happened four times in U.S. history (1824, 1876, 1888, and 2000).
(2) Nothing in the Constitution, nor in any federal statute, requires the electors to vote for the candidate favored by the popular vote in their State.
If no candidate gains a majority in the electoral college, the election is thrown into the House, a situation that has happened twice (1800 and 1824). In this process, each State is given one vote, meaning that States with smaller populations wield the same power as those with larger populations.
In the district plan, electors would be chosen the same way members of Congress are selected: each congressional district would select one elector (just as they select representatives), and two electors would be selected based on the overall popular vote in a State (just as senators are selected).
The proportional plan suggests that each candidate would receive the same share of a State’s electoral vote as he or she received in the State’s popular vote.
A commonly heard reform suggests that the electoral college be done away with altogether in favor of direct popular election. At the polls, voters would vote directly for the President and Vice President instead of electors.
The national bonus plan would automatically offer the winner of the popular vote 102 electoral votes in addition to the other electoral votes he or she might gain.
13. There are two major strengths of the electoral college that its supporters espouse:
It is a known process. Each of the proposed, but untried, reforms may very well have defects that could not be known until they appeared in practice.
In most election years, the electoral college defines the winner of the presidential election quickly and certainly
The Disadvantages of the Electoral College
1. Individual Votes Don’t Matter
The idea of the electoral college isn’t necessarily a bad one, but it does make each vote seemingly irrelevant. This is because even if a state votes one way, the electoral college can vote another.
2. An Unfair Sway
Some votes are worth more electoral votes than others. This causes the candidates to focus their campaigns and efforts in these areas.
14. Why has the president's power grown over the years?
Presidential power has grown in proportion to the federal government; as the federal government assumed greater authority over many aspects of citizens' lives, the nation placed the responsibility for these functions in the hands of an executive, as opposed to a Congress composed of hundreds of people. The founders did not envision the modern extent of presidential power. These changes arose out of historical exigencies and decisive personalities.
Aldo questions 15-18: https://spark.adobe.com/page/SQSUgxlShHQHP/
Nora questions 6-10: https://spark.adobe.com/page/wG64ekVUy9AaH/