Major Theorist- Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, which is now known as the Czech Republic, on May 6, 1856. Freud developed psychoanalysis, a method through which an analyst unpacks unconscious conflicts based on the free associations, dreams and fantasies of the patient. His theories on child sexuality, libido and the ego, among other topics, were some of his most influential academic concepts of the 20th century.
Freud's many theories—including those about "psychic energy," the Oedipus complex and the importance of dreams—were no doubt influenced by other scientific discoveries of his day. Charles Darwin's understanding of humankind as a progressive element of the animal kingdom certainly informed Freud's investigation of human behavior.
"I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father's protection."
Key Terms: The id is based on the pleasure principle that makes demands. The superego is more of the moral arm. The ego is based on the reality principle that gives the conscious a reality check.
Defense Mechanisms- unconscious mental operations that deny or distort reality
Psychosexual Stages- during which the id's pleasure seeking tendencies are focused on specific pleasure-sensitive areas of the body -- the erogenous zones
Electra Complex- the female counterpart of the Oedipus Complex
Oedipus Complex- involving love for the mother and hostility toward the father