1. What was the main purpose of the mission? The main purpose was to explore the Fra Mauro region. Some other objectives during the mission were to do lunar field geology investigations, collect surface material samples to bring back to earth, photograph deep-space phenomena. There were many other objectives to do during the Apollo 14 mission.
2. What advancements and technologies were needed to conduct the mission? Support structures were added to the descent stage for attachment of the laser ranging retro reflector and the lunar portable magnetometer and a modular equipment transporter was added to the Modular Equipment Stowage Assembly. The Kitty Hawk consisted of the Command Module and the Service Module. The Command Module was at the top. It had couches and it served as the crew compartment and control center. It was also used for reentry. The Service Module was on the bottom. It provided the primary propulsion and maneuvering capability of the spacecraft. Also, most of the consumables were consumed in the Service Module.
3. What advancements and technologies came from the mission? An innovation that allowed an increase in the range of lunar surface exploration and the amount of material collected was the provision of a collapsible, two-wheeled cart, the modular equipment transporter, for carrying tools, cameras, a portable magnetometer, and lunar samples.
4. How did it change our understanding on space exploration and/or the nature world? It changed our understanding by seeing the photographs of the material brought back from space. It shows that there are objects up in space and it also lets us understand how big the universe really is.
5. Describe the year of the mission? Apollo 14 launched on January 31, 1971. In 1971, things were a lot different compared to today. The yearly inflation rate in the U.S. was 4.3%, the average cost of a new house was $25,250, average income per year was $10,600, average monthly rent was $150, cost of a gallon of gas was 40 cents, a movie ticket cost $1.50. Also during 1971, the 26th amendment was passed which lowered the voting age to 18 years old and Disney World opened.
6. What technologies were around? On January 1, 1971, an 8 inch floppy disc was invented. It was use for storage. On February 7, 1971, the laser printer was invented. It was used for printing hard copies of documents. Also, the first handheld calculator was made and the first microprocessor was introduced.
7. What other major events occurred? Some major events that occurred was that the Pentagon Papers were published, students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation, anti-war militants attempt to disrupt government business in Washington, and UN seats Communist China and expels Nationalist China.
8. What came next? After Apollo 14, there have been 3 more Apollo missions. Apollo 15 launched later in the year on July 26, Apollo 16 launched April 16, 1972, and Apollo 17 launched December 7, 1972. There have been many other space missions after Apollo 14 than the other Apollo missions. Technology has improved every year since 1971 and prices have also risen.