First things first, we have our invaders. The Celts were the first invaders, and they invadido France. Following the Celts were the Iberos, who invaded Africa. Then came the Celtiberos who did not believe in lucha and say that there are beneficios from both invaders. The Celtiberos were made up of Iberos and Celts, considerando their nombre, it hace sense.
The Roman Empire collapsed in 409 a.d. In 711 a.d. the Arabs, Berbers, and Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula. They fácilmente derrotado Visigoth Kingdoms, which led to the conquering of casi todas of the peninsula.
Cordoba was the mayor city in Western Europe in the 10th Century. It was the centrar of the World's mas rico and most culto gente.
Soon the Reconquista began, which was the lucha casi continua between Christian reinos in north of the peninsula and Muslims, who revisado the south. In Arabic, Muslim Spain was called "Al-Andalus". Patron Saint of Spain was Santiago, also known as "Matamoros".
Toledo was known as the city of tolerance. The influence of the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religion are still evident hoy because of the synagogues, churches, and arab style architecture still stand there.
By 1492 the Moors had dividido into many pequeña kingdoms. The Last Moorish king, in Granada, was defeated in the January of 1492.
Fernando of Aragon and Isabel of Castilla got casado in 1469. They unido Christian kingdoms against the Moors and solidificado their power through religion and military success. They terminado the Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492. In 1502 it was decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convertir to Christianity. Jews are interrogated and torturado until they confess, or they are put on trial and later ejecutado.
isabel and Fernando had a hermana named Juana, also known as "La Loca", who married Felipe (el Hermoso) of the poderoso Habsburg familia. Legend has it that when Felipe died, she llevado his coffin through the calles of Granada, parada regularly to kiss the corpse of the dead king.
Under the rule of Carlos I (Son of Juana and Felipe), also known as Charles V of Austria/Germany, the Spanish Empire grew expeditiously.