World War 1

he direct cause of WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. However historians feel that a number of factors contributed to the rivalry between the Great powers that allowed war on such a wide-scale to break out.

Over time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. These treaties meant that if one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the following alliances existed

As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved into war.

By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved into war.

The immediate cause of World War I that made the aforementioned items come into play was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. In June 1914, a Serbian-nationalist terrorist group called the Black Hand sent groups to assassinate the Archduke.
American Neutrality Policy: World War I erupts in Europe, President Woodrow Wilson formally proclaims the neutrality of the United States, a position that a vast majority of Americans favored, on August 4, 1914.

Why do nations go to war: WWI started when a Serb shot Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in 1914 in Sarajevo in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. The first outburst after this happened from Germany by Kaiser Wilhelm II said that he’d back up Austria-Hungary. Then, Austria-Hun issued an ultimatum to Serbia that would’ve basically taken away all of their freedom. Serbia accepts parts of the ultimatum and appeals to Russia for help. Aus-Hun gets po’ed that all conditions weren’t accepted and declares war on Serbia. Aus-Hun mobilizes its forces, Russia does the same, and so Germany does too. Germany declares war on Russia, but attacks France, Belgium and the Netherlands. England is pissed, and declares war on Germany. Kaiser Wilhelm and Franz Ferdinand were BFFs. His assassination was a personal loss to Wilhelm.

Troops were needed for the US army and American industry had to be converted to war production. WW1 mobilization was achieved by mobilizing the troops and the workforce and creating new Federal agencies to regulate the economy and ensure the efficient use of national resources to further the war effort.

Factors of winning the war: WWI was won by the Allies mainly by the fact that the US, with its huge population and industrial capacity, entered the war.

Red scare: Bolshevik Revolution; Nativism, Fighting, Communism, Propaganda. People were afraid of communism spreading to America.

Racial intolerance: Jim Crow Laws; Segregation, Discrimination.

Anti immigration: Anger, Arrest, Pretesting; Immigrants often changed names to avoid this.

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