Discrimination in the Workplace
As a result of rapid industrialization, there were more job opportunities and because there were more job opportunities more immigrants and women began to work. The Irish immigrants came to the United States because of a potato famine and heard that there were lots of jobs here. When they started arriving people would treat them as if they meant nothing, a replacement for a slave. Plantation owners and other managers of certain jobs would make them do the really dangerous work because they weren't worth as much as slaves. "One Southerner explained the use of Irish labor on the grounds that: “n-----s are worth too much to be risked here; if the Paddies (Irish) are knocked overboard . . . nobody loses anything.” Discrimination against women became very prominent as well. They were payed much less than men that were doing the same job, and it caused labor disputes.(Sec.2 No.1&2)
"Passengers arrived from foreign countries in New York 1838"
Full Citation: Act of June 10, 1963 (Equal Pay Act of 1963), Public Law 88-38, 77 STAT 56, "to prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production ; 6/10/1963; General Records of the United States Government, Record Group 11. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/act-of-june-10-1963-equal-pay-act-of-1963-public-law-8838-77-stat-56-to-prohibit-discrimination-on-account-of-sex-in-the-payment-of-wages-by-employers-engaged-in-commerce-or-in-the-production-of-goods, March 9, 2017]
Full Citation: Petition of Eli Whitney requesting the renewal of his patent on the cotton gin; 4/16/1812; Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, Record Group 233. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/petition-of-eli-whitney-requesting-the-renewal-of-his-patent-on-the-cotton-gin, March 9, 2017]
Abstract of Passengers Arrived from Foreign Countries in the District of New York in the Fourth Quarter of 1838; 12/31/1838; Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/abstract-of-passengers-arrived-from-foreign-countries-in-the-district-of-new-york-in-the-fourth-quarter-of-1838, March 9, 2017]
David R. Roediger, Wages of Whiteness, 1991.
Slavery: slaves picking cotton. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/182300. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
Cotton gin. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/215303. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017
Full Citation: Photograph of the Building Interior after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire; 3/25/1911; Collection FDR-Photos: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Photographs. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/1-photograph-of-the-building-interior-after-the-triangle-shirtwaist-factory-fire, March 9, 2017]
Full Citation: Mailbag Repair; 1907; Records of the Public Buildings Service, Record Group 121. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/mailbag-repair, March 9, 2017]