The world is changing, literally. Humans have been altering the natural world at an increasing pace year by year. These changes have greatly impacted the Earth’s landscape in a period known as the Anthropocene, or age of the Humans. The largest factor that causes these environmental differences is known as climate change. This can be caused by a multitude of processes, but the largest being the burning of fossil fuels which releases large amounts of methane and carbon dioxide, which are greenhouse gasses. The rising temperatures due to climate change affect the human body and can change body temperature, metabolism, and brain function. Additionally, other species besides humans are also being affected by habitat loss, environmental changes, and other byproducts of climate change. These changes are happening all at once, which is already presenting possible problems, which can include local extinctions of species to start to occur because of the changing temperatures and other factors due to climate change from human activity. Due to the large effects of climate change on the earth, species living on earth may go through a large evolutionary transformation because of rising temperatures on humans, habitat loss which affects all other species, and possibly an extinction-level event.
One of the main contributing factors to extinction and endangerment of species is “overexploitation.” This is when people use their resources too much, but in this case, it would be hunting an animal to extinction. Along with this, there is also deforestation which destroys animals’ habitats and forces them to relocate to an area that may not suit their needs (Kluger).
Humans have been changing and taking from the land, which damages animals’ habitats and changing the food chain, which affects biodiversity. People are also hunting the animals to a point where they are going extinct, which also affects the predators of the extinct species which now has no source food. This also causes the food of the now extinct animal to run rampant and overpopulated because there is no predation to keep numbers within a sustainable range. The largest cause of a possible extinction is because of “overexploitation”, where humans damage or exploit species and their wildlife where it permanently damages everything else around them.
Created with images by Tony Reid - "Breathtaking valley" • Kovah - "Potsdamer Platz Arcaden" • Nomadic Julien - "untitled image" • Craig Cameron - "untitled image" • Jason Blackeye - "sunset below Patras windmill"