On most plantations slaves were not allowed to sing African songs, dance African dances, or speak African languages. The practice of conjuration was universally outlawed. The very word ‘African’ was meant to invoke the image of ignorant savagery and the words ‘black’ and ‘dark’ (as in darkey) carried connotations of evil, immorality, and ugliness. Blacks were taught that their skin was ugly, that their lips and noses were unaesthetic and malformed, and that they carried a natural smell that was offensive. Like sheep, Negros did not have hair but wool… (Erskine 2014, 105).
Still, what every kindergartner should know perpetuates the magnolia myth at its earliest stages of the Core Knowledge Series (Hirsh, 1996).
Analysis of existential situations of oppression reveals that their inception lay in an act of violence - initiated by those with power. This violence, as a process, is perpetuated from generation to generation of oppressors, who become its heirs and are shaped by its climate (1970).