Designing with Materials Julianna Schlatter


Asymmetry: A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance: The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage: An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition: The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design: Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape: Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line: An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space: Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space: Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design: A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

Shape: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space: The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry: A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.


Step 1: sketch out 4 possible ideas that are geometric or organic. The picture will be black and white with a pop of color that is the focal point.
Step 2: Get two pieces of black and white paper. Decide if the cut out designs and the background will be black or white.
Step 3: Chose the design that you like the best from the 4 sketches then lightly sketch out the design on the background paper. Then sketch the same design on the other paper to cut out.
Step 4: Cut out the shapes then start to glue them onto the background paper.
Step 5: After all the shapes are glued on, take the rubber glue earser and rub it along the edges of the shapes. Make sure there is no visible glue along the edges of the shapes.
Step 5: The last step is to glue on the focal point then you are finished!


1. How did you create a balanced composition? I created a balanced composition by making each side have many shapes to create a feeling of equilibrium. I organized the shapes by filling in the areas where it was empty.

2. Did you use organic shapes or geometric shapes? Describe the shapes. I used mostly geometric shape. The shapes I used were squares, triangles and circular shapes. I also used some organic shapes including leaf type shapes.

3. Describe the principals of designs you focused on and how you accomplished them with the shapes you chose. The principals of design that I focused on were emphasis by having a focal point. I also used variation by using different types of geometric shapes.

4. How was your overall craftsmanship on the project? What was the hardest part for you to do? Overall my craftsmanship on the project turned out very well because all the shapes were cut out neatly and placed in the right area. The hardest part about this project was making sure the rubber cement did not get outside of the shape when gluing it down to the paper.

5. Describe how you used the rule of thirds in art. I used the rule of thirds in art by placing the focal point in the top right corner. Using the rule of thirds made the focal point pop out.

6. What color did you choose and why? How does that door change the overall composition. The color I chose was light green because it gave the piece brightness. This changes the overall composition because since the shapes and background were black and white it made the piece have a distinct pop out.

Glass Fuze Project

Description: Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design: A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance: The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form: The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue: The colors name. Example: red

Proportion: The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety: The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Step 1: stack three layers of glass on top of each other. Then use a diamond cutter to cut the edges of the glass to the size you want. After that glue the glass parts together.
Step 2: Fuze the glass together in a kiln then wash the glass piece off with water.


I used black on the bottom and two types of purple on top of the black. The middle purple layer was a solid light purple and the top layer was a translucent dark purple. I used these colors because the light and dark colors blended well. I was happy with the outcome of the glass fuze project because the colors fuzed together nicely. One thing that I would change would be making the edges rounder because there was a sharp edge.

Printing Vocabulary

Contour- The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching- A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point- The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line- In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic- A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint- A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals- A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate-In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print-An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making- The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing- A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Step 1: Make 4 sketches that are possible print designs.
Step 2: Pick the best print from the 4 and redraw it on a 6x6 paper.
Step 3: Transfer the paper design with graphite paper onto the board. Then cut the areas out for the first print.

Step 4: Make your first prints by rolling the paint onto board then press the board onto the paper and flip it over then smooth it out on the back with a burnishing tool.

Step 5: After all the first prints are finished, carve the second print on the board.

Step 6: Make the last print by stamping the board on top of the first.

Reflection- Overall, I think my print design went well. My design was original but zen tangle gave me an idea in ways to make this. The colors I chose worked well and did not clash. I think I had good craftsmanship because the paint was not sloppy around the edges. It was a sharp and crisp cut. I was happy with the final result of it.

Mixed Media Vocabulary

Abstract- A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics- Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives-The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background- The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground- Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity- Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground- Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media- An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective- Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor- A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Step 1: Add tape on the areas that you want to resist paint.
Step 2: Paint the paper with water color and add salt and plastic wrap to add texture to the water color.
Step 3: Let the paint dry then print a design on top of the paper.
Step 4: add tape to resist the paint then use a comb to add textured paint on to the area.
Step 5: Add string gel to the picture.
step 6: paint the block that the art piece will lay on top of
step 7: Zen tangle on top anywhere on the piece of the artwork.

Step 8: glue on the artwork to the board that you painted.

Reflection: My favorite steps was water coloring and adding salt onto it. I did not like the string gel paint because mine did not turn out well. The part that turned out well was zen-tangling because I was able to cover up the parts I did not like.

Silk Painting Vocab

Analogous Color- Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.

Color- The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

Complementary Colors- Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Cool Colors- The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist- Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate Colors- Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors- Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Color- A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors- The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.

Step one- make a sketch of your design
Step two- put the sketch under the silk and trace over with pencil.
Step three- trace over the pencil marks with black gutta.
Step four- paint in between the gutta. Add salt and alcohol into the spaces where it needs texture.

Batik Vocabulary

Chroma- The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships- Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel- A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors

Contrast- The differences in elements, opposites.

Emphasis- The significance or importance given to an element of design.

Movement- Visual flow through the composition.

Pattern- Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.

Repetition- Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.

Rhythm- The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.

Tint- A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.

Tjanting-A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.

Triad-The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.

Value-The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.

Step 1: Make a sketch of a possible design then transfer onto the batik. Then wax the areas that you want to stay white.


What was your color order? White, yellow, different shades of green, shades of blue, purple, and black

What was the hardest thing about the batik process? I think the hardest thing about batiking is making the wax in the exact spot you want it.

What did you learn about color mixing with your batik? I learned that you have to know what colors mix well together to make the shade you want.

What do you wish you would have learned or understood about the process before you started your batik? I wish I planned out what colors I was going to do before I started to die

If you did it over again what would you do differently? I think that I could have planned out where I was going to wax better so I had something to follow.

Created By
Julianna Schlatter


Created with images by 422737 - "colour pencils color paint"

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