Definition-A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing developmental and intellectual delays.
Causes- an error in cell division during the development of an egg, sperm, or embryo.
Statistics- 1 in every 700 babies are born with Down syndrome as of 2014. That's 6,000 babies born with Down syndrome every year.
Characteristics- Club foot, big head, lazy eyes, flat face, short nose, back of the head is flat, and the big toe and index toe have a big separation.
Detected- Screening tests, such as an ultrasound or a blood test during your first or second trimester. These show if your baby is at risk for Down syndrome. It's detected during birth.
Treatment- Therapy, physical exercise, and special education.
Is there a cure?- Down syndrome is a genetic anomaly you cannot cure who you are.
Long term effects- sleep apnea, hearing problems, and hip problems.
Sources- nichd.nih.gov, medlineplus.gov, dsaatl.org.