One way the geography impacted the settlements in ancient Greece is because Greece is right next to the Mediterranean sea and if you live next to the sea, a lot of occupations would be available to you and it would offer jobs such as trading, fishing, and sailing. Also who wouldn't want to live by the sea for swimming and water sports? Another way Geography impacted the settlements is even though the mountains didn't provide that good of soil to grow crops, the climate was mild, so the crops grew better in that.
Some early cities in Greece are located around the Aegean Sea, and the Sea of Crete, such as Athens, Sparta, Troy, and Macedonia. This is an important location because it makes it easier to trade from each other and all of the city-states that i mentioned are all surrounding one body of water in a sort of way where it looks like one big court of the cites, where they can go to and from each other to trade.
In Greek citizenship, any free, native born man was able to own land. The Greeks were the first people to create the idea of citizenship and spread it throughout the nation. These citizens were members of the community and treated each and every person with equality.
The Greek civilization is different than other civilizations, because everyone treated each other like equals. And this is different from Mesopotamia and Egypt, because most of the time, there people were treated like subjects where they had very little decision and voice and part in the country, while Greece did the opposite and everyone, or lots of people had equal rights.
Some advantages of he Greek civilization is that like said before, everybody has equal rights and nobody is treated too badly like other civilizations. But some disadvantages is only native born men who owned land, were considered citizens.
- Poetry/fables: Poetry and fables taught a lot about Greek values. Shakespeare even wrote lots of Greek settings and plots.
- Architecture: for instance, building houses, and styling buildings, making them look good and designs and carvings in them.
- Greek Pottery: Styling, and making, for example, large vases to hold flowers and all and things like plates, and drinking cups.
- Painting: it could include a scene from a daily life in Greece, or painting the gods/goddesses
Art impacted Greece, by first of all, giving people careers off of things like architecture and sculpting and also showing people beauty and harmony.
Greek ideas spread, when rulers encouraged Greeks and Macedonians to settle together in south Asia, this helped them spread Greek culture throughout Egypt
- Poetry/fables: Poetry and fables impacted us today by inspiring, poets to write poetry and teachers to start teaching and teach kids about Greek history.
- Architecture: Architecture from Greece impacted us today by inspiring many grand and famous buildings today that are known for their architecture, it was also a job in ancient Greece, and also is a job today.
- Greek Pottery: Greek pottery impacted us today by making pots and vases, and from what we are making today like plates and cups, and vases
- .Painting: Painting impacted us today, by showing harmony and beauty throughout the ages going on from us today.
- Direct Democracy: A direct democracy would be considered a pure democracy, where every single citizen apart of the civilization is allowed to vote and make decisions for the country.
Advantages: Everyone will get a say in something, there isn't only one person with responsibility, the country decides, not just one person who lives in the country, countries now use this form of government, for instance the united states where everybody over the age of 18 votes for a president every 4 years.
Disadvantages: Some people may not like the outcome of the decision, some people may have too much freedom and rebel against the country, and break laws.
- Representative Democracy: A representative democracy is where only the a group of people with a strong amount of power are allowed to vote, it is still a democracy, just not a direct one.
Advantages: Is still a form of democracy, people with more respect and will to make the right decision will be the ones making it.
Disadvantages: the government may seem like an oligarchy, not everyone has the decision, citizens may not like what other people are deciding
- Tyranny: A Tyranny is a cruel type of government, where not all people would like the laws and rules.
Advantages: It will keep citizens in order, and stop people from breaking laws, the person in charge will get lots of respect, the country will have order and discipline.
Disadvantages: the laws may end up being to harsh for the people, not everyone will support the government
One leader who had this form of government was Hammurabi and his government was strong and respected.
- Oligarchy: An oligarchy is where a small group of people have control over a civilization, or country.
Advantages: There are trustworthy people making decisions, the pressure doesn't just lay on one person to make a decision but a group
Disadvantages: not everyone gets to decide, the group members can have different opinions on something and may cause them to clash or even make the wrong decision.
One specific City who had this government style in Greece was Sparta.
The Greeks believed in gods and goddesses, in their religion these are the gods and goddesses, Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Hestia, Artemis, Apollo, Hermes, Aphrodite, Athena, Ares, and Hephaestus. They also believed in an oracle, which was known to tell the future.
What Greeks did as a result of their beliefs, is they would go to the oracle for, advice and find out the future, and they would also pray to the gods, for instance for good harvests to Demeter for good rain to Zeus.
Zeus: Zeus' role was to control the sky and storms, also to look after his
Hades: Hades role in Olympia was to lead the underworld and rule over the dead.
In the Greek alphabet, it has letters, like ours in English, but unlike ours the letters actually have a written name, so for instance A, would be alpha, and b would be beta. And the sound of the letters is very similar to English and almost all of the letters have the same sound.
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