Abortion is defined as "the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy."
Abortion was legalized in 1973 in a landmark case known as Roe v. Wade.
There are basically two sides to this issue; Pro-Life and Pro-Choice. The Pro-Life movement believes that all life should be protected. The Pro-Choice movement believes that the mother gets to decide terminate a baby’s life. The Church’s stance is Pro-Life.
The Pro-Life movement believes that all life should be protected.
A protest occurring in the 1970's.
On average, 1.4 million abortions occur in the U.S. every year.
Church's Preliminary Response
The Roman Catholic Church has consistently condemned abortion.
The Church teaches, "Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God... no one can under any circumstance claim for himself the right directly to destroy an innocent human being."
Christianity's Jewish roots are responsible for its reverance and respect for the womb.
Old Testament gives clear evidence that life in the womb was considered as sacred. Moses proclaimed, "...Blessed be the fruit of your womb!..(Dt 28:2-6)." In another example, The angel told the mother of Sampson, "As for the son you will conceive and bear, no razor shall touch his head, for this boy is to be consecrated to God from the womb (Jgs 13:5). "
The church has always viewed the womb with respect and grace.
The Church's Response Throughout History
The Church’s view on abortion has not changed. The Church has continued its fight against abortion.
Pope Francis recently shocked people about his view on abortion. While the church has been anti-abortion for a very long time and views it is a grave sin, Francis said that women should be forgiven and not punished, and that if they confess, they are forgiven and granted absolution. In this way, the church may have become a little more progressive in its views through time.
The Catholic Church has always been pro-life.
Key Figures, Important Documents & Impactful Events
Evengelium Vitae by Pope John II
An encyclical that recounts the many biblical prohibitions of killing.
Abortion is defined as "anticipated murder to prevent someone from being born."
Discusses threats to human life, life as a gift, life as a responsibility, & life as a takes to be promoted.
Declaration on Procured Abortion
It is not the fact that people in favor of abortion are uneducated and don't understand it is a human life, but how they choose to make excuses and look past it the fact in order to promote abortion
The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith looks to recall this teaching in its significant beliefs about life to all faithful.
To express and teach the Church's faith and beliefs to protect and respect all forms of life, from the womb until death.
Life is considered a gift and should not be anything less, it is also a responsibility, as to not diminish the value in life.
Human life is precious, as it was "for in the image of God man was made" and we are all equal and under God's love.
General Synod (1973)
Bible teaches the sanctity of human life
We’re given the precious gift of life from God and are created in the image of God
It’s our Christian conviction that abortion performed for personal reasons to insure individual convenience should not be allowed
We support efforts for changes to legally protect the unborn
We support places offering alternatives to abortion
General Synod (1983)
Denied the use of public funds for abortions.
The Bible explicitly states that killing is wrong.
Conclusion & Solutions
Abortion is immoral and violates the base of human existence and Catholic moral teachings.
Adoption is an alternative to abortion. If the family cannot support the baby financially or they don't want it, there are other families willing and able to adopt a child.
The baby deserves a chance at life regardless of economic or social factors.
The Pro-Life movement is working to make abortion illegal again due to its unjust and cruel act.