Conventional Nuclear Fission, Breeder Nuclear Fission, and Fusion
Conventional Fission is when one atom splits into two or more atoms. This splitting of an atom takes little energy, but releases a million times more energy than in a chemical reaction. Nuclear fission is not found anywhere in nature, unlike fusion, which is found in stars. Fusion is the joining of two or more atoms to form one larger atom. Fusion takes much more energy to perform than fission does, but fusion releases three to four times more energy than fission. As of now, fusion is only in the experimental stage of developing nuclear energy, whereas the fission process is currently found in nuclear power stations. The fission process uses Uranium as the fuel source, but fusion uses Hydrogen isotopes Tritium and Deuterium as a fuel source (Nuclear Fission and Fusion). Breeder nuclear fission uses the process of fission to create energy. When Uranium splits, it produces many smaller particles that other atoms can absorb. When these atoms absorb the smaller particles of the Uranium, they also undergo fission, continuing the chain of fission from atom to atom. When U238 absorbs a neutron, Pu239 is formed. Pu239 is better at continuing fission than U235. Some fast breeder reactors are able to produce 30% more fuel than they started with (How. 2017).