independent assortment project Haley and Tori

Nondisjunction: The failure of one or more pairs of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate normally during nuclear division, usually resulting in an abnormal distribution of chromosomes in the daughter nuclei.

Recessive Genes: or genes on an autosome, the alleles and their associated traits are autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. Dominance is a key concept in Mendelian inheritance and classical genetics.

Dominant Genes: For genes on an autosome, the alleles and their associated traits are autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. Dominance is a key concept in Mendelian inheritance and classical genetics.

Somatic Cell: any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells.

Germ cell: A cell containing half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell and able to unite with one from the opposite sex to form a new individual; a gamete

Kleinfelter's syndrome: A genetic condition in which a male is born with an extra copy of the X chromosome

Down Syndrome: A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing developmental and intellectual delays.

Colorblindness: A reduced ability to distinguish between certain colors.

Turner's disease: A chromosomal disorder in which a female is born with only one X chromosome.

The difference between mitosis and meiosis

Meiosis has two rounds of genetic separation and cellular division while mitosis only has one of each.

Credits:

Created with images by euthman - "Mitosis In A Lymphoma Cell"

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