The Democratic People's Republic of the Congo Wyatt Campbell

Introduction to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of the Congo goes by many names; the DR Congo, the DRC, DROC, East Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, or just the Congo. Past names also include the Zaire and the Belgian Congo which it is sometimes still called. The DRC is a struggling country but has maintained the picture of Africa as containing many dense jungles with a variety of interesting animals and tribal peoples living within them that has so often been painted over and over again in movies and books.


In geography, location is the specific place where something is whether it is absolute, the exact point where it is, or relative, what it is nearby in order to pinpoint it.

The DRC's Relative Location:

The DRC is relatively located in central Africa being directly cut in half by the equator causing it to be in three hemispheres at the same time; the Eastern, Northern, and Southern.

The Capital:

This is the capital city of the DRC it is called Kinshasa.

Kinshasa, DRC

Kinshasa is located right here.

Busy Marketplace in Kinshasa

What Continent is the DRC on?

The DRC is located on the African continent.

The African Continent

Interesting Landforms:

The DR Congo has many unique areas of land that make it stand among other countries. It lies south of the Sahara giving it a perfect climate for the Congo Rainforest which is the second largest in the world behind the Amazon. This jungle is made up of plateaus and savannas that surround the Congo River basin. In the east lies the Rwenzori Mountains. The source of this area and the river lie in the Albertine Rift Mountains that stand at the western end of the East African Rift Valley. This country also lies near Lakes Tanganyika and Mweru. The Congo River also has the second largest flow and watershed of all rivers. Many of he country's mountains are volcanos and that along with tectonic activity created the Great African Lakes that border the country as well; Albert, Edward, Kivu, and Tanganyika. The most famous volcano that erupted recently was Mount Nyiragongo along with Mount Nyamulagira.

DRC Climate:

The DR Congo experiences high rainfall and has the highest frequency of thunderstorms in the world. This classifies the DRC as a tropical climate.

The Congo Rainforest
The Congo River

Bordering Nations:

The countries bordering the DRC include the nations of the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania to the east, Zambia and Angola to the south, and the Republic of Congo to the west.

Bodies of Water:

The DR Congo is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest and has many Great Lakes within or bordering the country as well as being run through by the mighty Congo River. The lakes bordering the DRC include Lake Tanganyika, Mweru, Albert, Edward, and Kivu.


In geography place is an area that is defined by everything in it. These characteristics are usually unique to that area and distinguish it from all other areas.

Natural Resources of DRC:

The DR Congo contains an abundance of natural resources: limitless water from the bodies of water through the country, the land is very fertile yielding many crops because of the climate and rich soil, and beneath this very soil is a plethora of natural ore deposits along with much oil to spare.

Fertile Land
Congo River
Oil Rig
Gold Ore Deposit
Diamond Ore Deposit

Cultural Groups of the DRC:

There are many different cultures in the DR Congo with over 242 languages being spoken it is very diverse. First there are the Pygmies, who are considered the oldest group in the DR Congo, a hunter-gatherer people they live by trading meat for agricultural products and are slowly assimilating into non-Pygmy culture.

The Pygmy People

There are also the Bantus who are the largest group and live as farmers. They are all throughout the country and their languages make up three if the DR Congo's five official languages.

The Bantu People

In the northeast are cattle herding groups including the Tutsi who are the tallest people in the world.

The Tutsi and their height

Religion of the DRC:

Christianity is the major religion in the DRC in the form of Catholicism followed by Protestantism along with many different forms of Islam and indigenous traditional religions.

Catholic Church in DRC
Religious Makeup of DRC
Another DRC Church

Customs of the DRC:

The DR Congo celebrates many holiday of commemoration and heroism. Patriotic holidays such as Commemoration of the Martyrs Day, National Heroes' Day, National Liberation Day, and even their June 30 idenpendence day show that they have much pride in their country. They also celebrate Parents' and Youth Days along with Army Day and the normal holidays of the rest of the world too.

A DR Congo Celebration
The Calendar of the DRC
A Religious Christmas Celebration in the DRC

Government of the DRC:

The DRC maintains a semi-presidential Republic system which means; they elect people to rule for them, they have a president, and they also have a prime minister and a cabinet that makes up legislation. The economies that exist are free market, mixed and traditionalism.

Human-Environment Interaction:

In geography human-environment interaction is the relationship between and their environment especially dealing with how they adapt and change it.

Agriculture of the DRC:

The most common crops grown in the DRC are cassava along with plantains and maize, a type of corn. Other crops grown can range from peanuts and rice to tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, and cocoa.

Farming in DRC

Jobs of the DRC:

There aren't as many jobs available in the DRC as there are here in America. If you live in the city you could most likely rise to a high paying profession like a political official or a lawyer or maybe even a doctor but rural jobs are not as many. You could become a teacher or a farmer and that's pretty much it there aren't a whole lot of options for the more poverty stricken areas.

Many people will become a teacher
In the cities many people are well-to-do officials or businessmen
Majority of people are farmers

Endangered Species:

The DRC has a very diverse environment with many different species however this means that due to much human interference many are endangered including the chimpanzee, many different gorillas, a few species of elephants, several exotic birds, and even species of fish. And the majority of reason for most of these is extreme human involvement rather in poaching or in further expansion of land for several human reasons.

Forest Giraffe
Endangered Monkey Species
African Elephant

What Environmental Problems Are There?

The most significant environmental problems in the DR Congo are deforestation, increases in urban population, and species becoming endangered. Laws and legislation has been passed to restrict the amounts of poaching taking place and control measures have been tried for deforestation but these all are still very serious major issues and something must be done to stop them.


In geography a region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics.

What is the Education System of the DRC?

It starts out with primary education being free and voluntary for six years and then six years of secondary school. The education system is governed by three major bodies; MEPSP, MESU, and MAS.

Population of the DRC:

The total population of the DRC is 67.51 million people. The population density is 33.02 people per square kilometer.

Area of the DRC:

The area of the DR Congo is 905,400 square miles.

Per Capita GDP:

The per capita GDP for the DRC is 424.21 US dollars

Life Expectancy:

The life expectancy for males in the DR Congo is 55.8 years and the life expectancy for females is 58.9 years.

Literacy Rate:

The literacy rate in the DRC is 63.8%

Climate Region:

The climate region of the DRC is mainly tropical with humid subtropical and highland climates in the south.


In geography movement is defined as the way that people, products, ideas, and information are moved.

Imports and Exports of the DRC:

Main exports of the DRC include many of their aforementioned cash crops such as; gold, diamonds, copper, cobalt, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten, oil, wood, and coffee.

Coffee or Cocoa Beans
Copper Ore Deposits

Main imports of the DRC include machinery, transportation, equipment, fuel, and food.


The DRC Flag:

The flag of the DRC is a sky blue flag with a yellow star in the upper left corner and is cut diagonally by a red stripe with yellow outlining. The blue represents peace, red for "the blood of the country's martyrs", yellow the country's wealth, and the star represents a bright future for the country.

The DRC Flag


Having been ruled by Belgium for 52 years, the DRC held parliamentary election in May 1960 and a growing nationalist party won the vote. They would achieve independence after this on June 30, 1960.


The DR Congo uses many of the newest digital technologies that the United States and other countries but what is interesting about this us that in the need for raw materials to make these technologies it has led to civil war.

Transportation and Communication:

Traditional ways of moving by using land such as cars and trains are very hard in the DRC because of its dense forests and high mountains thus the main way of transportation is usually by river boat or some other water transport because the DR Congo has plenty of waterways. This is how people are able to visit and different areas of the country and communicate ideas through way of mouth or in the very rich cities they could communicate by cell phone or internet.

Current Events:

One current event that has been occurring in the DRC is that the President Joseph Kabila won't step down from his office. There are many protests and riots against him and some say this could be leading up to another civil war in the DR Congo.

Joseph Kabila

Another major really recent current event is that the minister of the DRC is now saying that they cannot afford to hold elections this this year as country.

DRC can't afford elections
Poverty Stricken DRC can't afford elections

Travel Brochure

The DR Congo truly is a very breathtaking and beautiful landscape what with the dense rolling forests of the Congo jungle and beautiful path carved by the winding Congo river, all put into a background of high mountains and bordered by many vast glistening lakes.

A DRC Waterfall
The Congo River
A vast lake in the DRC
Another beautiful waterfall

So, come to the DR Congo, these beautiful landmarks probe that it is truly the Shing Atar of Central Africa!

A Day in the Life:

A day in the life of a current high school student in the DR Congo is actually very full of fear and stress. Parents are actually afraid to send their children to school because of the fact that many children are abducted to become soldiers to participate in the civil wars. Those who are fortunate enough to go use school as an escape. When they do go, they only spend a couple of hours in the classroom however some Congolese schools are now incorporating song, dance, and poetry.

Another reason many children are not in school is because their family cannot afford to send them so a majority of children are working to help support their families. Much of this happens in rural areas where children work very difficult mining and agricultural jobs for minimum wage. Some may work long hard hours for only 10 cents per day however this makes a big difference in having dinner that night or going to bed hungry.

Therefore, the majority of children know no other life than this. School if they are fortunate enough but if not they work very stressful jobs for little pay. If they even get a chance to have fun all that they may do is play some simple outdoor games with their friends or neighbors because they don't possess video games and all the other things that we have. Sometimes the only music that children will even listen to is tribal traditional music that is part of their culture and many children do not have many clothes to wear and the clothes they do wear they wear them over and over again. I feel like I am safe to say that despite the many interesting things I have learned about the DR Congo that I would not want to live there in the conditions they are in now.

Created By
Wyatt Campbell

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