Designing With Materials Gilly turnbull



A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.


The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.


An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.


The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design

Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape

Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.


An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space

Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space

Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design

A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)


A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.


The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.


A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

Elemens Cut Project

step 1: First sketch out 4 possible options, either using organic, geometric shapes or a mixture of both. Then choose the best option.
Step 2: Next get 2 sheets of paper, one black and one white. Get a small piece of colored paper to use as a focal point. Choose which one you want to be the background and which one will be cut to lay over. Then cut out the shapes you want.
Step 3: Put rubber cement on the base paper and the piece that is being glued on and press them together.
Step 5: Final product. Wait for the glue to dry and then scrape of any excess. Then you are done.


How did you create a balanced composition? I used asymmetry to create balance in my piece, the shapes are laid out filling the space but not spread out evenly.

Did you use organic or geometric shapes? I used geometric shapes. I layered lines with different widths over each other, forming many triangles which are also geometric shapes.

Describe the principle of design you focused on and how you accomplished them with the shapes you chose. I focused on emphasis and contrast in my piece. The contrast between the black and white colors compared to the red triangle created emphasis on the red.

How was your overall craftsmanship? What was the hardest part for you to do? Overall my craftsmanship was very good. The shapes fit well together and when glueing them down I took my time and it turned out very neat looking. The hardest part was fitting the color into the space perfectly, i should have glued the color down first so it would be easier to hide the edges by laying lines over it.

Describe how you used the rule of thirds in art. I tried to place my pop of color on an intersection using the rule of thirds, making the focal point pop even more.

What color did you choose and why? How does that color change the overall composition. I chose the color red because I thought it would be vibrant compared to the plain black and white bases. The color added a focal point to the composition, making it more appealing to loom at.

Glass Project

Step 1: First select the colors you want and cut them to size.

Step 2: Lay the pieces of glass on top of each other. Make sure it is no more than 3 pieces high.
Step 3: Put it in the kiln for it to melt down. Then you are done.

I used a black background so the purple in the middle would stand out. I used a clear piece on top to make the purple look as of it was suspended in the middle. I chose black and purple because I liked the contrast it created. I like the way it turned out because the purple turned out like I hoped, it looks suspended above the black. I think overall the outcome is good.



Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.


A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.


The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.


The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.


The colors name. Example: red


The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.


The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Lino Cut Project

Step 1: Sketch out 4 designs. Pick one and then redraw it on 6x6 paper.

Step 2: shade the areas you want to be transferred. Then lay graphite paper over linolium paper and your sketch on top.
Step 3: Trace over the sketch so it transfers to the block.
Step 4: Carve out the areas you don't want to have paint transferred on for the first print.
step 5: roll paint onto your lino block and print it onto your paper. press the block against the paper to get a good print. repeat this 4 times using your chosen colors.
step 6: for the second print cut out what you want printed.
step 7: roll your second color onto your block and repeat the printing process. let it dry and you are done!


In this project I learned how to plan ahead to form a multi step print piece. After the first print I caught on on how to make a piece that where I was happy with the outcome. I learned how to properly apply the paint and how much paint should be used so by my last print i was happy with the piece!

Printing Vocabulary


The outline of a shape.


A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point

The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line

In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.


A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.


A print made from a plate that can be used only once.


A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)


In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.


An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making

The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing

A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Mixed Media Piece

Step 1: tape a design over a piece of paper. the parts taped will resist the water color and remain white.
step 2: water color over your paper and add salt to create texture once dried.
step 3: remove the tape and brush off all the salt.

step 4: tape off more sections of the paper that you do not want to print on.

step 5: screen print a design onto your paper and then remove the tape once it has dried

step 6: use a texture brush to spread a design with acrylic paint over the paper. I did a blue quarter circle with rings.

step 7: add string painting onto your piece. I put dots on the beginning of my acrylic and in a line through the center of the paper.

step 8: zentangle in any spaces that seems plain. i chose to do mine in white spaces so they would stand out.
step 9: spray glue your piece onto a wood block and press it together till dry. then cut off any excess paper that goes over the block.

step 10: spread epoxy over the piece and let dry. then you're done!

I felt my water coloring turned out extremely well. The screen printing also turned out well but was very difficult to do and make sure that it was spread evenly. I think the acrylic looks out of place compared to everything else. If i did this project i would leave the acrylic out of my piece.

Mixed Media Vocabulary


A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.


Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.


The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).


The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.


Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.


Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground

Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media

An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.


Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.


A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Silk Painting

Step 1: Draw your design on paper then, go over it with a black marker.
step 2: Place the paper under your silk piece and trace, with pencil, your design onto your silk piece.
step 3: Trace over your outline with gutta.

Step 4: Use water color to add color to your design. Be sure to use small amounts at a time because water color spreads and bleeds. you can use blending tequniques to change the value of the color, giving it a fading affect. you can also use salt and rubbing alcohol to give cool looks.

Final Product!

Batik Vocabulary


The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships

Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

Color Wheel

A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors


The differences in elements, opposites.


The significance or importance given to an element of design.


Visual flow through the composition.


Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.


Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.


The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.


A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.


A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.


The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.


The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.

trace out your design on a large sheet of paper then go over it with a dark marker.

then transfer the design onto the cloth piece.

wax any parts you want to keep white then dye your cloth the lightest color you want.

continue waxing the colors you want to preserve and gradually getting darker with your dyes.

once you have all your colors, wax the entire cloth, crumple it and dip it into black to give the entire cloth a cracked look

to get the wax off, place news paper above and below the cloth and iron over it. remove the paper and replace it once it takes up wax. repeat this until all your wax is off.

then you're done!

Created By
Gillian Turnbull

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