In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the first phone. This happened by the help of Thomas Watson. Bell began experimenting with ways to transmit sound through electrical current. In 1876 he succeeded. The first call he made was next door to Watson saying "Come here, Watson, I want you." This changed the way of living because it made it easier to get a message across faster and more efficiently. Finally in 1877 Bell organized the Bell telephone company, which became American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T)
In 1888 George Eastman invents the first hand held camera , the Kodak. Later he offers the Brownie camera which was a smaller camera for children. By 1927 Kodak was the biggest company in the world. This invention made life more fun cause the public could now take pictures and make memories to share with their families. This impacted society cause everyone started to take more and more pictures and we have them now today to teach us about that era.
Urban America 1870
The 15th prohibits states to deny people of certain race, color, or previous condition of servitude the right to vote. But before then African Americans were denied the right to vote because of the color of their skin. The amendment was ratified. In 1890 Mississippi began requiring citizens to pay an $2.00 poll tax. Almost all poor African Americans couldn't pay resulting in segregation at the polls once again. Other southern states adopted similar restriction, Louisiana, the number of African American votes fell from 130,000 to 5,300 in the years of 1890-1900. In Alabama the number fell from 181,000 to about 3,700. This impacted society because people became very harsh on African Americans and made people judge more and more causing problems.
Invitation to a party about ratification of amendment
Electric Trolley Car 1887
In 1887 engineer Frank J. Sprague developed the first electric trolley car. The first line opened in Richmond, Virginia. Now traffic could be moved easily and more efficient. Much faster than horse and trolley car. Also there now people didn't have to clean up after horses. This bettered society in many ways and brought the city together. Making it easier to do more in the city.
Spanish American War 1898
The Spanish American war was a dispute over Cuba being independent and a sugar tariff. Many believed the Cubans were treated wrong because of journalists writing back in America about poor treatments in Cuba, but they exaggerated those accusations. Yellow journalists began to write lies about what was happening in Cuba. This changed society because Americans believed the journalists and began to send guns into Cuba from Florida, helping the Cuban forces. This also changed society because then Americans started to listen to journalists back home and started jumping to conclusions. Now today there are laws that make it illegal to write lies in newspapers or magazines
What Cubans were believed to look like; Yellow Journalists
Anglo-Saxonism is the Belief that english-speaking nations had superior characters, ideas, and systems of government and were going to dominate the world. This changed society because people started to judge people and think of themselves higher than others. They started to believe that they could do more and be better than everyone else causing conflict. Fights and words would be exchanged. This caused society to become hostile and turned everyone against each other.
Food and Drug Act 1906
In 1905 a journalist published a series of articles in Collier's magazine describing the patent medicine business. These articles explained that patent companies were patenting products that contained cocaine,alcohol, sugar, and food coloring. Consumers had no way to know what they were consuming and to know if the product actually worked or not. This angered Americans and made a uproar on consumers not using certain products. Americans also were worried about the food they consumed. Dr. W.H. Wiley, chief chemist at the United States Department of Agriculture, had issued reports documenting reports of dangerous preservatives in what he called "embalmed meat". Then in 1906 Upton Sinclair published his book The Jungle. His book included accounts in Chicago Slaughterhouses. In his book he saw many disturbing things that scared Americans. Also Americans became sick and angry. It made consumers become vegetarians . Roosevelt and congress responded by passing the Meat Inspection Act, passed in 1906. The Pure Food and Drug Act was passed the same day.