Welcome to Canada's Future
Today my company Capo. Tech will introduce to you the future of Canada. I will tell you about the issues in Canada and how we can solve them while still managing a sustainable country, with my help Canada will have a bright future.
Canada's Current Issues
The baby boomers are people born during the years following World War II. After the war there was a rise in the number of births per year. Today the baby boomers would be between the ages of 52 to 71. Since the baby boomers era not as many people are having kids and the average has become two kids per family. Since there are a lot of older Canadians, the younger generations will have more of they're tax dollars put towards healthcare, and when going to hospitals it will be more difficult to get checked out since there will be a lot of elderly there. Also there’s not very many long term care homes some people many have to care for their older family members at home.
In the past every four out of five Canadians were farmers, today less than 2% of our population are farmers. As well as the farmer population decreasing farmland has been downsized by approximately one million hectares. As the population continues to increase and spread our farmland will continue to decrease. My home in Brampton, used to have utilized farmland and now it's become a suburban community.
CO2 Emissions/Climate Change
Climate Change has been a rising issue all over the world. Carbon dioxide emissions come from all around us, cars, planes, and factories. In 2014 Canada contributed 732 of carbon dioxide equivalent, all of this raises our global temperature, the more emissions we release into the atmosphere the warmer it will get. A warmer climate can lead to more dangerous and more frequent natural disasters. It will also cause the melting of ice caps, since the ice caps are natural reflectors of the sun this means more UV rays will be able to remain within our atmosphere causing the temperature to rise more rapidly.
Like many other nonrenewable resources oils is a big contributor the climate change . It’s also a danger to our health, especially people that work within the industry. Chemicals that workers are exposed to can cause paralysis, cancer, and possibly death one of these is hydrogen sulfide. Oil has had a big affect on our environment, extraction methods and pollutants produced by the industry. To extract oil we use In-situ production, open pit mining, and upgrading, all of these have a refining stage in factories(giving off more carbon dioxide emissions). They also destroy habitats during extraction, open pit mining is the most destructive because the area is completely dug out to retrieve the oil.
Loss of Green Space
In Canada we have a lot of land and green space but with our growing population it’s becoming a concern. In Toronto 94 000+ hectares of unprotected land could become suburbs. The White Belt Study area is a ‘buffer zone’ circling Lake Ontario and urban areas surrounding it. This area provides $122 million economic benefits every year, 52 000 hectares of this land has been approved for development, this could increase by 10 000 hectares.
Too many Cars
All over Canada, and the world cars are crowding the roads in major cities like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal. Lots of people commute from the suburbs to the city for work, but traffic is becoming ridiculous in big cities around Canada. With more cars also comes more carbon dioxide emissions. As mentioned in the carbon dioxide emissions/climate change issue it talks about the effects of climate change.
Continuing immigration will help our younger generations bear the weight of the older community. This will help by spreading the costs of healthcare and jobs in the industry. We should also probably begin to build more elderly homes around the suburbs because in certain situations elderly need 24 hour care and we can’t provide that. Since long term homes have nurses older people wouldn’t be clogging up the hospitals as much. Building long term care facilities cost approximately $120 000 per bed, and takes about one year.
If we run out of options we can use the 1976 movie; Logan's Run as an example. It’s a futuristic movie about people living in a big bio-dome, and when they turn thirty a gem on their hand begins to flash. It indicates your termination through a quasi-religious ceremony known as Carousel.(ᗒᗨᗕ)
Farmland is vital to keeping locally sourced food in Canada. Since our farmland is decreasing we need to protect it, the addition of new laws to acquire certain area’s deemed only for the purpose of farming. The process of creating a law is broken into six steps, the first reading, the second reading, the committee stage, the report stage, the third reading, and finally the royal assent. The first reading is basically the idea written down; it’s then called a bill, the second reading is deliberation over the bill in the House and it’s voted on by the parliamentarians. The bill is then given to the committee to be carefully studied and reported back to the House with any adjustments they see fit. A third reading is then held and the parliamentarians debate again and it’s sent to the other House to go through the same process. Finally it’s given to the Governor General for final approval (royal assent) and it becomes a law. For a bill to be created there’s a $150 application fee, and it depending on the bill the time range can vary.
This connect to our physical environment because Canada was original farmland and hunting grounds, over the decades farms have been weathered and destroyed to replace their place with residential areas. Most of the soil rich area for growing is the Canadian Shield and a little of the Interior Plains.
It also connect to our resources because farmland is a source of local food. Vegetation and farming are one of our primary industries, we need to protect it. Since it’s a primary resource it brings in money from the consumers, and distribution process.
Renewable Energy is the only solution to our limited oil supply. Renewable energy will help Canada by replacing oil, and reducing our emissions by large amounts. Solar Panels cost approximately $15 000-$40 000 to install a 3-8 kW system, and they only take 1-3 days to build. Wind turbines cost approximately $3-4 million and take about three-six months to install, after that they have a 25 year lifetime before repairs. In Canada we put about $2.7 billion towards the fossil fuel industry every year, if we used this money for renewable energy we could completely rely on wind, hydro, and solar energy. A way to ease ourselves into this would be each year putting more money into renewable from the oil industries. This would eventually transfer all of the money from our oil industry to be put towards renewable energy. Depending on when this begins it could probably take up to 15-20 years to adjust to using renewable resources.
Renewable Energy fits into our resources because it would become our number one source of energy. Oil is a widely used resource all over the world, if by 2041 we were able to rely on renewable energy it could influence other country, possible our neighbour America(but I think that’s unlikely to start until Trump’s presidency is over).
It also connects to our physical environment because when we extract oil it tears up the ground and destroys habitats an example is open pit mining. When oil is found 50 metres and higher the ground it dug out and filled with water to extract the oil. Although it’s helpful to use it ruins the ecosystems located above oil. Oil is also a contributor to climate change, the increase in temperature will cause sea levels to rise and possibly flood coastal cities.
Green Spaces in Canada are beginning to decrease, to protect them we need to enforce laws that deem certain areas solely for forestry and animal habitat. We can achieve this the same way as we would the farmland, submitting the idea and it becoming a bill. It then goes through the whole process and hopefully gets passed to become a law. There’s a $150 application fee to present your idea and the time frame can vary based on the type of bill.
Having protected area will preserve our land form regions, since more people are immigrating to Canada more homes and apartments will be built. Ecosystems will be able to continue to thrive without being interrupted by construction or highways.
Building up will help Canada’s increasing population, because everyone wants to live in houses we should make more family friendly apartment buildings. These could include 3-4 bedrooms, 2-3 bathrooms, a spacious kitchen, and living area. This could draw in more families and save land space. This would cost approximately $80 000 per unit, and take about 14 months for a 4-5 unit complex.
Building up will help with our increasing population, apartment buildings hold more people while houses take up a lot more space and only hold about 4-6 people. Since these take up less space than houses we could build more while taking less than the space.
Trying to protect the environment and build homes for our new population isn’t easy, but building apartments will save wildlife space area. We wouldn’t need to worry about the wildlife in Canada becoming extinct, since they will have a protected habitat.
In the city apartment buildings are a better utilization of the space they have since cities are usually more compact. When we create these family apartments it would hopefully still have the same community feeling as a neighbourhood of homes, but in less than half the space. The proposed apartments could also be mixed-use so on the ground floor there would be a small store.
Having more online jobs can help with traffic in major cities. With the technology we have to today some jobs can be done on a laptop at the comfort of our own home. So if we move jobs that are in the city to home it would remove a lot of commuters and cars of the roads. Another plus from reducing cars is reducing carbon dioxide emissions. As I mentioned many times carbon dioxide emissions cause climate change and that warms the planet, so the less cars the better.
This would contribute to our physical environment because less cars equals less carbon dioxide emissions, and that helps with global warming. Since I talked about Global warming plenty of time now you understand why reducing emissions is in our favour.
Major cities like Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal have very busy roads filled with people commuting to work. By transferring some office jobs into work from home jobs it could take many cars off the roads to major cities. People that do need to go into the city would find less congestion, resulting in a shorter commute time. The decrease in cars will also bring less wear and tear to to road so we wouldn’t have to put as many tax dollars towards that.
This ends my presentation, I hope you enjoyed and take into consideration my ideas for Canada's future. I would also like to mention all the photos in the background of this presentation are different areas around Canada, how could you not want to protect that?