Enlightenment Module 3

Kimberly Neuman

EUH 2001

INSTRUCTOR COMMENTARY

The Enlightenment period in Europe is a time when scientific principles began to overtake religious beliefs. Scientists began developing new and improved explanations, which were then applied to everyday life. The instructor commentary, Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry, explains how this concept took over and influenced all branches of society. Visual arts changed in the sense that it became bigger and emphasized on nationalist feelings. Because of this new understanding of how the world operates, writers began to explore it more, which allowed them to develop new types of writing and new focuses. Writers and philosophers began questioning society, especially women's rights. Enlightenment allowed people to form new ways of reasoning and understanding.

WEB LINKS

1.) Of Elephant and Roses is an online museum that allows one to look inside of France during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The exhibit shows how enlightenment affected the arts in France. Each set of photos is labeled with its name and an explanation connecting it with enlightenment. One of the photo sets “Music for Elephants” documents the first study of paleontology, which was on two elephants.

2.)The Ottomans is an online exhibit that goes through how the Ottomans became one the biggest and best Islamic empires. Each tab of the home page is a link that takes one through the history of how the Ottoman empire grew and the way of life for the Ottomans. The Ottoman empire started small in Anatolia but eventually they grew and took over their neighbors and even the Byzantine empire. Art was very important in the Ottoman empire and one could find art in almost anything.

3.)This essay about Francisco Jose Goya y Lucientes describes the life of the Spanish artist and how it influenced his artwork. Goya began studying the art at age fourteen with a painter. As Goya grew older, he began painting artwork that was displayed in royal palace and he also created tapestry. As he grew older, Goya became more and more recognized and was asked by King Charles III to be the court painter. After Spain was defeated by France, Goya began panting for the French regime.

WORKS CITED

"Discover Islamic Art Virtual Exhibitions | The Ottomans | Introduction." Discover Islamic Art Virtual Exhibitions | The Ottomans | Introduction. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017.

"Elephants & Roses." APS Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017.

Voorhies, Author: James. "Francisco De Goya (1746–1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Met's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2017.

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