Double Victory By Hannah and Alvin

Women

How were Women Treated?

  • Women were treated with more respect during WWII because they were so vital to the wartime economy
  • While husbands were off fighting in the war, women earned money for their families by working in industrial jobs, as secretaries, and as nurses
  • There were extensive propaganda campaigns intended to get women interested in work in factories
  • Before the war, some states had barred married women from working and when the war hit, those regulations had to be lifted.
  • Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased around 10% - from 27% to nearly 37%
  • Over 350,000 women fought in the war, including the WASP’s, WAVE’s, and WAC’s
  • However, women were still paid less than men for the same job
While men were away at war, women began taking up traditionally male roles in factories, greatly adding to wartime production. Propaganda such as this aided in getting women to the factories.

How did Women React to Such Treatment?

  • Many women did not quit their jobs even after the war was over
  • Women kept fighting for pay equality and general civil rights, especially in the workplace

What did Women Contribute to the Cause of WWII?

  • Women worked as secretaries, nurses in the army, and in industrial jobs during the war.
  • By the end of the war, army nurses had grown to from 8,000 to 59,000 and navy nurses to 11,000.
  • More than 400,000 women served, 432 died, and 88 were prisoners of war.
  • Jacqueline Cochran, a female pilot in WWII, held more speed, altitude, and distance records than any other male or female pilot in aviation history
  • With the help of women workers, total industrial production doubled between 1939 and 1945.
  • Women also took traditionally male roles such as mail delivery and taxi driving because of the shortage of men in the country
  • Women also helped with farm work to keep the country fed

Native Americans

How were Native Americans treated?

  • no longer treated as a "vanishing race"
  • encouraged to sign up for service
  • some were segregated in the army based on skin color
  • respected for fighting prowess

How did they respond to such treatment?

  • Some avoided the draft
  • couldn't do much against segregation

What did Native Americans contribute to the war effort?

  • Code talkers: undecipherable language used by various tribes for communication
  • Most well know code talkers: Navajo (extremely complex)
  • 44,000 served in the army
  • Thousands went to work in the factories
  • bought $50 million worth of war bonds

Similarities between Women and Native Americans

  • They worked in factories and other types of war industry.
  • Both were extremely useful in the army; Native Americans were the most useful as radio operators, and women were clerks, typists, and mechanics.
  • A fraction of both women and Native Americans did not go back to their old ways of life.
  • Both signed up for service in the army, with the women serving in the Women's Army Corps (WACs).

Differences between Women and Native Americans

  • More Native Americans ended up in actual combat.
  • After the war, women were released from their jobs at a rapid rate so the men coming back from the war could take their jobs.
  • Native Americans had little access to healthcare.
The sun will not dim at its zenith.

Summary

Both Native Americans and women eagerly participated in the war effort for their nation. We respect their hard work and commitment to the fight against the Axis powers during the war. Their willingness to help out our nation in whatever way it could is extremely admirable and respectable to all.

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