What country is known for its unique animals, fantastic foods and incredible history? If you guessed Madagascar, you are correct! Madagascar is known for its unique ways, amazing land and phenomenal culture. Get ready to learn about the strange animals, bizarre foods and interesting history of Madagascar.
This little lemur likes to eat flowers in the field.
Animals in Madagascar
Animals make up a big part of Madagascar, considering Madagascar has animals that you can not see anywhere else in the world. The Malagasy(Madagascar people) has an animal called a lemur. They consider it their "sacred animal". They have almost 10 different species. The biggest species of lemur is called the indri. It is also the only lemur without a tail. Another type of lemur is the Ring-tailed lemur, which is the most common of all the lemurs. Lemurs are only one of the animals that is only native to Madagascar. An additional animal that is only native to Madagascar is the Ai-Ai. The Ai-Ai is an almost hairless, insect-eating animal that has wire thin claws. The ai-Ai is considered bad luck and is to be killed if encountered. They are very rare and hide in the trees. There is also the fossa which is related to the mongoose. The fossa looks like it is a cross between a dog and a puma. Madagascar is also home to many species of chameleons. One is one of the smallest chameleons in the world, which is the brookesia chameleon which is no bigger than half the size of your pointer finger. Another type of chameleon is the leaf chameleon which is the smallest chameleon on the planet. All these animals make a big impact on Madagascar.
What a delicious dessert!
Food makes up another big part of Madagascar. They have created their own snacks, drinks and meals. Their most famous meal is known as romazava, which is fried rice and beef stew. They consider romazava their "national dish."
Romazava is also used to help them make sticky rice bread and rice flour. Romazava has been used to make other popular foods. Another famous food they have is a dessert called Koba. Koba is peanuts, ground rice, bananas and seafood wrapped in a leaf. It is one of their most popular desserts. They also have a very popular drink called rananapanogo. Rananapanogo is overcooked rice boiled in hot water. If romazava is overcooked, boil it in hot water and you have rananapanogo. Another thing they do is grow their own fruit which they sprinkle sugar on, and add some vanilla. It is one of their most famous desserts. The Malagasy fish for seafood, too. That includes crab, fish and other seafoods. They use their seafood to make something they call foza sy hena-kisoa. Foza sy hena-kisoa is stir-fried pork, crab and romazava. The Malagasy love to fry their seafood. They love to fry up their shellfish like clams. One of their more famous delicacy's is known as smalona which is freshly stuffed eels. It can be served with sesika which is freshly cooked blood sausage. Blood sausage is a juicier type of sausage. The Malagasy love to use curries and stews. They love to make the curries and stews with any kind of veggies, many different types of meats, and a variety of beans. These unique foods also make up a big part of Madagascar.
The History of Madagascar
Madagascar's history dates back over 500 years ago when Madagascar was a part of India. Madagascar is part of Africa, so when Madagascar was connected to India, it was part of a different continent. Many years ago, settlers in 200 BC and 500 AD discovered Madagascar. The Malagasy had already shaped their country, which took 4 centuries to do. Then, over 700 years later, the French in the 1800's, would claim Madagascar their land and they would get their first French ruler. Being ruled by the French had its benefits. The French helped the Malagasy discover coffee and tobacco. The French introduced them to railways and roads where improved. Even though, almost 100 years later the Malagasy would gain its independence in 1960. That same year the Malagasy would get their president, Philibert Tsiranana. But then Tsiranana would resign the job due to illness. A man named Gabriel Ramanantsoa would take the job after being Major General.
Although Ramanantsoa would lose the position 3 years later when the country received its second republic in 1975 to Colonel Richard Ratsimandrava. This same year the country would gain their second republic. Even though he would be assassinated six days later and the new president would be Lieutenant Commander Didier Ratsiraka. During his run, the country gained it 3rd republic. He would hold this spot for 11 years until losing it in 1986. Then the new president would be Albert Zafy. Zafy would hold the spot until 1996. But Madagascar's economy has not recovered at all when the country experienced 2 cyclones in early 2000. It has just been proven that Madagascar's history is extremely important.
The flag is looking worn and torn.
Now you can see how unique the animals are. Now you see how special the food they eat is. You can definitely tell that the history is extremely important, too. All in all, this all showed how Madagascar makes up a big part of the earth.