Fairy Tales of the World France

Geography

Location

France is a country in Europe that is bordered by Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Monaco, Luxembourg, and Germany.

The capital of France is Paris

Climate

All of France's climate is said to be affected by the surrounding oceans, the North Atlantic Drift to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea on the south. Rainfall is usually brought on by winds from the Atlantic Ocean. Annual percipitation is more than 50 inches at high elevations in west and northeastern France.

Physical Characteristics

France is one of the most topographically varied countries of Europe. France is mostly made up of plateaus, plains, mountains. A great deal of the country is surrounded by mountains. The Pyrenees Mountains form a natural boundary between France and Spain. The Alps are a mountain range that stretches through France along with 7 other countries. The There are three main rivers in France, the Seine which drains into the English Channel; the Loire, which flows through France to the Atlantic; and the Garonne which flows across southern France to the Atlantic.

Environment

The World Resources Institute estimates that there are about 4,630 plant species in France. France is also home to about 148 mammal species, 517 bird species, 46 reptile, and 39 amphibian. The diversity of the flora and fauna reflects the diverse climate and topography of the country. In the north, there are forests of oak, beech, birch, pine, willow, and more. In the south, there are pine forests and various oaks.Near the Mediterranean are olive trees, vines, mulberry and fig trees, and laurel. The Pyrenees and the Alps are home to the brown bear, marmot, and alpine hare. In the forests you can find polecats, martens, wild boar, and various deer.Other common animals across the various landscapes include hedgehog, fox, weasel, badger, bat, squirrel, rabbit, mouse, otter, and beaver.

PoPulation

As of January 2017, France's population is estimated to be around 67 million. It is ranked as the third most populous country in Europe, and the 20th most populous country in the world. From 2006 to 2011, the population growth was about +0.6% per year. Immigration was a major factor in the population growth. In 2010, around 27% of children born in France had at least one foreign parent. Large- scale immigration over the last century has led to a very multi-cultural society.

Culture

Customs and traditions

French students must attend school from age 6 to 16. From. There, they can choose whether to continue their education.

More than 75% of French teenagers choose to attend the full 12 years of school.

The French celebrate Christmas and Easter, and big festivals surround feast days like Mardi Gras, Pentecost, Assumption Day, and All Saints Day.

The most popular sport in France is soccer, which is commonly called le foot.

Tennis is believed to have originated in France, and remains popular to this day.

Giles Simon, a French tennis player

Nobles in the late 1200s used to hit the ball with the palm of a gloved hand, but added the racket to help extend their reach. The name comes from the Old French word "tenez", which means “hold”.

In July, they hold the world’s premier international bicycle race, the Tour de France. It is a three week race through varied terrain of France and its neighboring countries. The route changes every year, but the distance is typically 2,000 mi, and ends in Paris.

France’s oldest paintings were hidden until 1901, where they were found by a teacher who wandered into a cave near Dordogne in southern France. Using a lantern, the teacher discovered that the walls of the cave were filled with painted mammoths, bison, and horses. More prehistoric cave paintings were discovered during the 20th century.

The paintings at Grotte de Font-de-Gaume are over 15,000 years old.

France has become known for its impressionist and post impressionist painters from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Le Jour ni l'Heure by Jean Le Moal, a French painter.

France is home to some of the world’s largest art museums, including the Louvre, in Paris.

The Louvre

Paris is infamous for traffic, so most young Parisians get around on foot, bicycle, or public transportation.

Walking in Paris

France exports more farm products than any other Western European nation.

Beef and dairy products generate most of France’s farm income.

Wheat is ranked as the most important crop, and is mostly grown on the country's north central plains.

Religions

France has no official religion, but ever since the Middle Ages, the most widely practiced religion is Roman Catholic. Today, over 80% of the French identify as Catholic. Another 2% is Protestant.

Grande Mosqueé de Paris

Angers Cathedral

Grande Synagogue de Lyon

Since 1970, Muslim immigrants have made Islam a major religion in France. Around 500,000 of the citizens are Jewish, and about 400,000 are Buddhists.

Around 10% of France’s citizens say that they have no particular religion they follow.

Language

The official language is French, which developed more than 2,000 years ago. It began as a dialect of Latin spoken in Paris and the surrounding areas, and spread out from northern France in the Middle Ages. It remained a local dialect until the French Revolution, when Napoléon Bonaparte ordered that French be taught in all schools. Now, most of France’s native born people speak French, but many are multilingual.

The French Flag

Food

The French have an international reputation for gourmet dining. The word gourmet comes from an Old French term for the special servant in charge of selecting fine wine for the meals of the French aristocracy.

A meal is usually composed of three courses, the introductory course which is sometimes soup (hors d'œuvre), the main course (plat principal), and finally, cheese or desert (fromage). A salad can also be offered before desert. Some examples of Hors d'œuvres would be terrine de saumon au basilic, lobster bisque, foie gras, French onion soup, etc.

French Onion Sop

The plat principal could consist of a pot au feu, or steak frites.

Pot Au Feu

The desert could be a macaron, an éclair, crème brûlée, mousse au chocolat, and crêpes.

The Children from the Sea

By Henri Purrat

Synopsjs

Marin and Marinette are adopted by an old woman who lives alone with her only daughter on a remote island. When Marin grows older, he leaves the island to find a better life for himself and his sister. When good fortune comes to the twins, the old woman and her daughter grow jealous and plot against them.

Typical characteristics

Special Beginning: The story begins with ""There once was a woman with an only daughter".

Good Characters:

Marin is the main character and twin brother to Marinette. When he works for the king, he is very dedicated and diligent. He is kind because after the king discovers Marinette's picture and falls in love, he retrieves his sister from the island they had both lived on. The old woman and her daughter insist that they must join him, because they had raised them. Even though he is suspicious of the woman's intentions, Marin is grateful to them for taking care of them, so he agrees and keeps his word.

Marinette is Marin's innocent, beautiful sister. She cares about Marin, so when he suggests him leaving to the kingdom, she supports him. And in the end, after she is freed, Marin asks her to stay on the island with him forever, where they will be safe with each other. Marienette agrees, but she says she wishes to show the king the truth, and prove that Marin did not deceive him, because she knew her brother had done no wrong.

The king is welcoming and kind to Marin. He accepts him and trusts Marin immediately. When he learned of Marin's betrayal, he did not believe it at first. To his subjects, he is loyal and loving, putting their needs first. When his kingdom needed a queen, he married Marotte, despite his apathy for the girl.

The old man mostly keeps to himself, but is kind enough to teach Marin how to keep a garden, and this allows Marin to find a job at the king's castle. When he learns of Marin's predicament, without hesitation, he offers to help him, and starts to assemble the tools needed to free Marinette from the Sea Fairy, and assists in the breaking of the chain.

The Sea Fairy watches over Marin and Marinette throughout the story, first saving them from the ship wreck as children, and then saving Marinette from drowning on the way to the king. In return, she keeps Marinette in her castle.

Evil Characters

The old woman gets jealous of Marinette's good fortune in catching the eye of the king. When Marin arrives to take Marinette to the king, the old woman insists upon joining them to the kingdom. On their way, a violent storm hits their boat, and the woman seizes this oppurtunity tothrow Marinette overboard. Marin is unable to save Marinette, and because of this, is so overcome with grief that he becomes mute. Upon arrival to the kingdom, the old woman claims that her daughter, Marotte, is Marinette so that the king will marry her. To insure that Marin does not tell the king the truth, the woman kills the king's prized bird and son, in attempt to turn the king on Marin.

Marotte conspires with her mother against Marinette and Marin. She lies to the king about her identity in order to become the queen.

Royalty and/or Castle

The king lives in his castle, where both Marinette and Marin live in the end.

The Sea Fairy keeps Marinette hostage in her under sea castle until Marin is able to free her.

Magic Use/ Something Magical

The Sea Fairy ties a magical gold chain around her foot to keep Marinette in her sea castle. The magic of the chain extends to where Marinette wishes to go, but only for a limited time, at the end of which she is forced to withdraw back to the castle. While the chain is not indestructible, it is very hard to break, and can only be done so with specific items.

3s or 7s

Trios: Marin, Marotte, and the old woman arrived at the castle together. In the end, Marinette, Marin and the king "all three lived together in peace and were never again parted" (Pourrat 26).

Problem/Solution

Problem: Marinette is trapped by the Sea Fairy, and if Marin fails to free her, "[She will] have to return forever to the castle in the sea" (Pourrat 24)
Solution: Marin and the old man work together to save her by breaking the chain that confines.
Problem: The king has been deceived by Marotte and her mother.
Solution:The king learns of this and promises "with these hands of mine [he] will work justice." (Pourrat 26). However, before he can the two jump off the roof of the castle into the sea.

Connection to France

In the fairy tale "The Children from the Sea", the Marin and Marinette wash up on a remote island after floating around the sea. When they grow older, they cross this sea to reach the king's castle, and both are thrown into the sea as punishment. This could be an allusion to Corsica, a French island in the Mediterranean Sea, and one of the closest French islands.

Marin and Marinette are French names that both mean "child of light". Both names come from the Latin "marinus" which means "of the sea". Marinette and Marin are protected by their godmother, the sea fairy, who saves them from the sea multiple times in the story.

Created By
Ciara Devane
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "paris france french" • brianfagan - "IMG_1277" • konstantin.tilberg - "Fuji X70 - Trocadero" • jackmac34 - "france pyrénées béarn" • YvetteNatuurfotografie - "fox wild nature" • sfmission.com - "Mardi Gras French Quarter 06" • Steven Pisano - "2014 US Open (Tennis)- Tournament - Gilles Simon" • stokpic - "cyclists race tour de france" • Renaud Camus - "Le Jour ni l’Heure 9793 : Jean Le Moal, 1909-2007, Cheminée, 1946, musée des Beaux-Arts & de la Dentelle, Alençon, Orne, Basse-Normandie, vendredi 22 août 2014, 15:18:17" • vitorpn - "paris night louvre" • Pat Guiney - "Paris Street" • victorgeere - "Fields of wheat" • Dave Hamster - "Angers Cathedral view from inside Angers Castle" • fdecomite - "Old French Flag" • Photo-Mix - "two types of wine white wine" • Ruth and Dave - "French onion soup" • jetalone - "Pot-au-feu" • bloggyboulga - "macarons" • veloheart - "Birthday Eclairs!" • jules:stonesoup - "vanilla creme brulee" • Marit & Toomas Hinnosaar - "Bananas & almonds with coconut and cocoa mousse and waffle" • tookapic - "strawberries pancakes dessert" • pixcarraldo - "wave sea sun" • Moyan_Brenn - "Sea" • aotaro - "The Boy and The Sea" • Joe Le Merou - "Look at the sea" • trainjason - "crown" • www.metaphoricalplatypus.com - "Garden" • AK Rockefeller - "Mermaid" • niekverlaan - "knife murder fear" • BarmaleyOdessa - "portrait staging photo" • fotshot - "dunrobin castle architecture" • Rain Love AMR - "Mermaid" • jasicaJaew - "waiting sad drama" • DavidSpinks - "Trio" • astro@spaceboyz.net - "Chain" • 947051 - "scissors old sewing" • Kathleen Tyler Conklin - "LIE" • Pexels - "cliff clouds landscape" • larrywkoester - "Corsica - tour map""France." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 7 Dec. 2016. school.eb.com/levels/high/article/France/110436#41077.toc. Accessed 7 Apr. 2017. "France." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Derek M. Gleason. 13th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2012. Student Resources in Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2017. "France." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 5 Apr. 2017. Web. 10 Apr. 2017. "France." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 5 Apr. 2017. Web. 10 Apr. 2017. N.d. Wikipedia.com. Web. 8 Apr. 2017. N.d. Wikipedia.com. Web. 8 Apr. 2017. N.d. Wikipedia.com. Web. 8 Apr. 2017. N.d. Le Chèvrefeuille.com. Web. 7 Apr. 2017. "Online Etymology Dictionary." Online Etymology Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr. 2017. Names list.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2017. Henry Pourrat. French Fairytales. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Lands and Peoples. Vol. 3. N.p.: Scholastic Library Publishers, n.d. Print.

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