Sexual violence is a widespread and chronic issue around the world. National efforts to address impunity for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have led to progress and faced challenges. The UN Team of Experts, together with its partners, initiated a Digital Dialogue Series addressing topics covered in the Special Issue of the Journal of International Criminal Justice on CRSV.
The sixth Digital Dialogue will bring together practitioners and experts who have reflected on and/or worked on the normative, legal, and operational response to providing reparations for conflict-related sexual violence crimes.
Despite the existence of laws, norms and policies, few victims of conflict-related sexual violence have received reparations. With few exceptions, Member States have failed to meet their legal obligations, at the national and international levels to provide them to victims/survivors. For example, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, although there are clear orders of judicial reparations by Congolese courts against State actors for acts of conflict-related sexual violence, not a single order for judicial reparations has been paid. Also, while the Hissene Habré case represented a landmark in international criminal justice including sexual violence, no court ordered reparations have been paid to victims/survivors and a proposed trust fund by the African Union failed to materialize – demonstrating the need for criminal justice practitioners to plan reparations procedures and mechanisms when creating international criminal institutions in advance.
Today, at the international level the right to reparations is met by different institutions. For example, International Criminal Court’s Trust Fund for Victims, enables the Court to address the right to assistance and reparations to victims/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence, through its dual assistance and reparations mandates. Further, in the case of increasing conflict-related sexual violence by transnational terrorist organizations, who and how an individual may benefit from numerous funds for victims of crime or terrorism is a topic of both litigation and debate.
This Digital Dialogue will allow participants to explore good practices and lessons learned for the design and delivery of victims/survivors’ assistance, as well as administrative and judicial reparations specifically to victims/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence at national level and reflect on global developments in the field over the past decade of the Team’s existence.
1. Showcase the normative and legal frameworks (national, regional and international) applicable to the provision of reparations for victims/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence;
2. Identify and discuss the main challenges and opportunities in national efforts to provide reparations to victims/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence using concrete examples;
3. Discuss practical avenues that could enhance the provision of reparations to victims/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence; and
4. Enable an interactive discussion to understand and advance a survivor-centered approach to reparations for conflict-related sexual violence crimes.
Artwork: Alexandra Ma
Moving the conversation forward in Opinio Juris
A Special Issue in the Journal of International Criminal Justice on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Domestic Accountability: Why Now and Why You (and Governments) Should Read It
Reflecting with Practitioners: How is Latin America (Still and Again) Paving the Way for the Promotion of Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict Before National Courts?
The Digitial Dialogue Series – The Fight against Impunity for Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in the Central African Republic
Dialogues Virtuels: Lutte contre l’impunité pour les violences sexuelles liées aux conflits en République Centrafricaine
Created with an image by zdulli - "supreme court us supreme court states"UN Photo/UNHCR/R LeMoyne