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The Digital Dialogue Series 25 January 2021 1:00 P.M. EST

The importance of a label: understanding the impunity gap for conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking

#Talk2EndCRSV

UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict in collaboration with: Institute for Public Health, Washington University in St. Louis; Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University; the Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University; and the School of Transnational Governance, European University Institute

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Welcome to the Fifth Digital Dialogue

Sexual violence is a widespread and chronic issue around the world. National efforts to address impunity for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have led to progress and faced challenges. The UN Team of Experts, together with its partners, initiated a Digital Dialogue Series addressing topics covered in the Special Issue of the Journal of International Criminal Justice on CRSV.

The fifth Digital Dialogue will bring together contributing authors of the Special Issue, practitioners and experts who have reflected on and/or worked in the justice response to conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking.

While sexual slavery was an integral part of the definition of conflict related sexual violence offered by the Secretary General in its annual report since 2009, it was not before 2016 that the Secretary General, and, later the Security Council, through the adoption of the resolutions 2331 (2016) and 2388 (2017), broadened this definition to include trafficking. This addition was certainly prompted by the alarming trends witnessed particularly in Iraq, Syria and Nigeria, where the trade and sale of women and girls for sexual exploitation was an inherent feature of the modus operandi of terrorist groups like Daesh or Boko Haram.

The need to clearly condemn these acts and to extend the necessary legal protection to their victims justified the inclusion of trafficking as a form of conflict related sexual violence. However, this normative endeavor has so far fallen short of improving the judicial response for these crimes. Indeed, justice remains elusive as the investigation and prosecution of conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking at the national, transnational, or international levels are practically inexistent.

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The fifth Digital Dialogue will be moderated by Patricia Viseur Sellers (Visiting Fellow at Kellogg College of the University of Oxford, Special Advisor for Gender for the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court). Panelists will include Jocelyn Getgen (Clinical Associate Professor of Law, Cardozo Law School), Stephanie Barbour (Senior SGBV Advisor Commission for International Justice and Accountability (CIJA)), Valiant Richey (OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings), Aimée Comrie (Coordinator, GLO.ACT Asia and the Middle East, UNODC) and Ameena Saeed (Yezidi advocate on trafficking and slavery).

Objectives of the Fifth Digital Dialogue

1. Showcase and understand the normative and legal frameworks (national, international and transnational) applicable to the conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking;

2. Identify and discuss the main challenges and opportunities in national efforts to promote justice and accountability for conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking;

3. Enable an interactive discussion to understand and advance a survivor-centered approach to justice and accountability for conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking.

Moving the conversation forward in Opinio Juris

A Special Issue in the Journal of International Criminal Justice on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Domestic Accountability: Why Now and Why You (and Governments) Should Read It

Reflecting with Practitioners: How is Latin America (Still and Again) Paving the Way for the Promotion of Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict Before National Courts?

Le quatrième Dialogue virtuel a permis à des experts de réfléchir à la réponse judiciaire apportée aux violences sexuelles liées au conflit en République centrafricaine (RCA), ainsi qu’à l’impact de cette réponse sur la consolidation de la paix dans ce pays.

The fourth Digital Dialogue brought together contributing authors of the Special Issue, practitioners and experts who have reflected and/or worked on the justice response to sexual violence committed in the Central African Republic (CAR), and on the impact of this response on peace and security.

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Le quatrième Dialogue virtuel sera modérée par M. Renaud Galand pour Bureau de l’Etat de droit et des institutions chargées de la sécurité du Département des opérations de paix, Secrétariat des Nations unies. Les panélistes comprenaient M. Yao Agbetse, Mme Rosine Bela Eyebe, M. Patrick Vinck, M. Benoît Narcisse Foukpio, M. Toussaint Muntazini et Mme Anne-Marie Goumba.

Mme Denise Brown, Représentante spéciale adjointe du Secrétaire général pour la MINUSCA, prononcera les remarques de clôture.

The fourth Digital Dialogue will be moderated by Mr. Renaud Galand. Panelists will include Mr. Yao Agbetse, Ms. Rosine Bela Eyebe, Mr. Patrick Vinck, Mr. Benoît Narcisse Foukpio, Mr. Toussaint Muntazini and Ms. Anne-Marie Goumba. Ms. Denise Brown, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for MINUSCA and Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, gave the closing remarks.

Regardez l’enregistrement de la quatrième session des Dialogues virtuels!

Watch the recording of the fourth Digital Dialogue!

The third Digital Dialogue of the Series brought together contributing authors to the Special Issue, practitioners, and experts to reflect on the impact of sexual violence committed in the context of terrorism, the challenges and opportunities for criminal prosecution, and justice for victims as well as the definition of justice for victims.

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The third Digital Dialogue was moderated by the Ms. Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism.

Panelists included Ms. Anne Marie de Brouwer, Ms. Azadeh Moaveni, Ms. Chioma Onuegbu, and Ms. Rhoda Prevail Tyoden representing the victims.

Watch the recording of the third Digital Dialogue!

The second Digital Dialogue of the Series brought together several contributing authors to the Special Issue, academics, and experts on the prosecution and investigation of serious crimes in Latin America, with a focus on Colombia and Guatemala. Indeed, despite widespread impunity for conflict-related sexual violence, there have been a number of significant and innovative efforts to hold perpetrators accountable within national justice systems in these countries.

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The second Digital Dialogue was moderated by OHCHR. Panelists included Ms. Susana SáCouto, Ms. Daniela Kravetz, Ms. Marta Valiñas and Ms. Ana Medina.

Amb. Charlotta Schlyter, Ambassador for Sustainable Development, Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations, gave the closing remarks

Watch the recording of the second Digital Dialogue!

The first Digital Dialogue celebrated the launch of the Special Issue of the Journal of International Criminal Justice on Progress and Challenges of National Efforts to Address Impunity for Sexual Violence, created in collaboration with the UN Team of Experts, and marked the start of a series of webinars the Digital Dialogue Series.

The first Digital Dialogue was launched with a framing statement by the Under-Secretary General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Ms. Pramila Patten. The event was chaired by the Team Leader of the UN Team of Experts, Ms. Chloe Marnay-Baszanger. Panelists included Mr. Guido Acquaviva, Ms. Kim Thuy Seelinger, Ms. Karen Naimer and Mr. Daniele Perissi. Ms. Margot Wallström, former Minister for Foreign Affairs for Sweden and former Under-Secretary General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, gave the closing remarks.

Watch the recording of the first Digital Dialogue!

Justice and Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict: Progress and Challenges in Efforts to Address Impunity in National Jurisdictions

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Online Resources

The special issue is accessible on the website of the Journal of International Criminal Justice

The organizers of the Digital Dialogue Series can be contacted at toesvc@un.org

To learn more about the UN Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict, visit our website!

Credits:

Created with an image by zdulli - "supreme court us supreme court states"UN Photo/UNHCR/R LeMoyne