Sexual violence is a widespread and chronic issue around the world. National efforts to address impunity for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have led to progress and faced challenges. The UN Team of Experts, together with its partners, initiated a Digital Dialogue Series addressing topics covered in the Special Issue of the Journal of International Criminal Justice on CRSV.
The fifth Digital Dialogue will bring together contributing authors of the Special Issue, practitioners and experts who have reflected on and/or worked in the justice response to conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking.
While sexual slavery was an integral part of the definition of conflict related sexual violence offered by the Secretary General in its annual report since 2009, it was not before 2016 that the Secretary General, and, later the Security Council, through the adoption of the resolutions 2331 (2016) and 2388 (2017), broadened this definition to include trafficking. This addition was certainly prompted by the alarming trends witnessed particularly in Iraq, Syria and Nigeria, where the trade and sale of women and girls for sexual exploitation was an inherent feature of the modus operandi of terrorist groups like Daesh or Boko Haram.
The need to clearly condemn these acts and to extend the necessary legal protection to their victims justified the inclusion of trafficking as a form of conflict related sexual violence. However, this normative endeavor has so far fallen short of improving the judicial response for these crimes. Indeed, justice remains elusive as the investigation and prosecution of conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking at the national, transnational, or international levels are practically inexistent.
1. Showcase and understand the normative and legal frameworks (national, international and transnational) applicable to the conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking;
2. Identify and discuss the main challenges and opportunities in national efforts to promote justice and accountability for conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking;
3. Enable an interactive discussion to understand and advance a survivor-centered approach to justice and accountability for conflict-related sexual violence crimes associated with slavery and trafficking.
Moving the conversation forward in Opinio Juris
A Special Issue in the Journal of International Criminal Justice on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Domestic Accountability: Why Now and Why You (and Governments) Should Read It
Reflecting with Practitioners: How is Latin America (Still and Again) Paving the Way for the Promotion of Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict Before National Courts?
Created with an image by zdulli - "supreme court us supreme court states"UN Photo/UNHCR/R LeMoyne