6 Component Project By: PHILLIP RADOSLAVOV
Greece is a fairly big country. It's geography consists of Islands, Peninsulas, and Mountains. It is located in Europe, bordering Albania, Macedania, Turkey, and Bulgaria. Because of the mountainous terrain, traveling was difficult overland, and so trade was oversea. Athens, one of the earliest city states is located in the southeastern corner of Greece. All in all, Greece was a hard place to travel overland and its made up of Islands and Peninsulas also.
Art in greece was truly amazing. One style of art is fables. Fables are short storys with animals usually as characters and a moral. One example of a fable is the tortoise and the hare, by Aesop. Another example is pottery. Pots are made with clay, to form then painted for style. They were usually made for storage, like for water, and other stuff, like fabrics, or probably even food. Another style is statues. Statues are sculptures carved from stone that could be an animals, human, etc. Statues are not always made from stone. The Athena Parthenos, that is in the Athenian Parthenon, is made from gold and not stone. Its 43 feet high, standing in front of a vault, that was once the citys treasure room. A last greek style of art is painting. Paintings are drawings from paint.
The greeks believed in gods and monsters. There were 12 major gods, The Olympians. The 3 major ones were Hades Poseidon, and most of all, the king of all gods, Zeus. Some recognized monsters are the Minotaur and Medusa. In result, Greeks worshipped gods with temples, where there were altars where they made sacrifices. There were also festivals to worship the gods. They would tells storys, legends, about Greek Mythology and Epics about famous heros. One famous Epic is the Odyssey made by Homer. Poseidon, the god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses was one of the big three. The big three had taken parts of the world. Hades with the underworld, Zeus with the sky, and Poseidon with the sea. Another god, Dionysius, was the god of wine, grapes, and partying. He is one of the Olympians, taking the spot of Hestia, the goddess of the hearth. Dionysius created the grapevine, creating the grape, and then using the grape to make wine.
Direct Democracy is when people decide policy initiatives directly. The Pros are better cooperation between citizens, and increased control in the future. The Cons are some people would not like the democracy and not participate in it. Representative Democracy is about the opposite of direct democracy. Citizens elect representatives to serve of thier behalf. The Pros of this kind of democracy is that the government is more efficient. The Cons of this is that some citizens don't participate directly. A Oligarchy is a country ruled by a small group of people. The Pros are for the group ruling the city-state. The Cons are for the citizens that have to follow the laws from the small group. A Tyranny is a cruel government. The Pros are for only the Tyrant, since he made the laws and is the ruler and everyone could obey him because they're scared of him. The Cons, well, its for the citizens and the Tyrant; the citizens a have to follow the rules or they just overthrow the Tyrant.
The Greek alphabet had 24 letters in it, from Alpha to Omega. People are not sure who made the greek alphabet but they believe it was the Pheonicians. The greek alphabet was... interesting. Its letters were sometimes used in other stuff like the letter pi, which is used in math. I'll show how the greek language looks like. Το ελληνικό αλφάβητο είναι ενδιαφέρουσα. It says "The greek alphabet is interesting". The alphabet is actually made up of the first 2 greek letters, alpha and beta.
A citizen was someone who lived in the city. The rights they had depends if they were freedmen, or slaves. There was the upper class, middle class, lower class, and then slaves. Upper class were the wealthiest. They had the biggest houses and most money. Upper class were made of wealthy families and the king. Then there was middle class. Middle class had significantly smaller houses then the wealthy. They would work as blacksmiths, farmers, and would have good jobd and would get paid. Then Lower class. Lower class was made up of freedmen, unlike slaves. they had the smallest houses and were very poor. And last but is least, slaves. They were so unlucky, that they didn't even have homes. They worked for the wealthy. They would get treated badly and would work for them for about 5 years or even more. They were very unlucky.