History of Printing Luisa buendia

c.a 3100 BCE

Cuneiform, the first writing system made of wedge shaped marks that was developed in the ancient civilization, Sumer. Sumerians used a blunt stylus made from reeds were used to carve cuneiform on clay tablets.

c.a 3000

The Papyrus plant was being used as a writing surface and Lamp-black ink was invented in China.

c.a 100C.E

Paper was invented by Chinese monks. Codex books also emerged from the Roman Empire and coptic binding from Egypt.

c.a 200

Wood block printing, which is a method of carving characters onto a wooden block and using it a a stamp, emerged from China.

A.D 618

Paper bills were used by the Chinese who started carrying folding money during the Tang Dynasty.

794

Paper mills are established in Baghdad during the Abbasid Dynasty.

868

The oldest dated printed text known, The Diamond Sutra, was printed.

932

Chinese adapt the wood block printing process to mass produce classical books.

1041

The moveable type printing press was invented in China.

1165

First paper mill in Europe is established in Xative, Spain.

1309

Paper is first used in England.

1438-44

The adjustable type mold is developed by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany.

1455

Gutenberg's Bible is completed by Johann Fust and Peter Schoeffer.

1623

Shakespeare's First Folio is published.

1639

The Bay Psalm Book becomes the first book to be printed in the American colonies.

1642

Mezzotint, the first tonal method that can produce half-tones without cross-hatching or stippling is created.

Mezzotint image

1690

Paper making began in Philadelphia and newspapers published, Publik Occurrences. Paper money is also made in the American colonies to pay for the war.

1710

Statute of Anne regulates copyright in Great Britan.

1725

Jacob Christoph Le Blon published Coloritto, which described a RYB three-color printing process.

1728

Basic stereotype printing plates were developed.

1733

Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard's Almanac, which was a yearly published almanac.

1775

Thomas Paine prints Common Sense. Thomas Bewick develops wood engraving, and Japanese picture books are published, leading to graphic novels.

1776

Declaration of Independence was printed by John Dulap.

1780

Francois-Ambrois Didot developed a typographic point system based on the pre-metric French inch.

1796

Alois Senefelder invented lithography, a process of printing from a flat surface that was treated so ink was repelled, except for where it was needed.

1805

Carbon paper, which is a thin paper coated in carbon used for making copies of written documents, is developed.

1813

George Clymer develops the Colombian printing press which is a cast iron hand press with a lever which replaced the simple screw mechanism and was distinguished by a bald eagle on the lever.

1820

Photoengraving process is created and Richard Whittaker Cope develops the Albion press iron.

Albion Press Iron

1824

William Pickering begins to issue cloth bound books in London.

1827

The New York Sun became the first mass produced newspaper and the penny press was invented.

1830

Paperback books appear in England and Ireland.

1834

Essential wood type making machinery that lasted for over 150 years was developed by combining the first wood type with the pantograph.

1837

Chromolithography, which is a method for making multi-colour prints, was invented.

1841

Tauchnitz Verlag publishes the first paperback books in Germany.

1851

Paper is made from wood pulp.

1855

The bank of England issues standardized bank notes.

1875

Offset printing, which is a printing technique where the inked image is transferred from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to a printing surface, was invented by Robert Barclay.

1879

The Smyth Sewing Machine is invented to help with book binding.

1883

The Yellow Pages is created.

1906

The Ludlow typo-graph hot metal typesetting system is developed.

1907

The modern screen-printing process is developed.

1933

Synthetic rubber printing rollers begin being used in offset printing, and are still used today.

1935

Penguin paper-back books are introduced in England by Sir Allen Lane.

1946

J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly invented the computer.

1951

Inkjet printing is developed, but they could not reproduce digital images generated by computer until the 1970's.

1963

Pantone Color Matching System, which is a proprietary color space used in a many industries, but primarily printing, is introduced.

1969

Laser printers, which are linked to a computer and use a laser to create patterns of electrostatically charged dots on a light-sensitive drum, which attract toner, are invented at Xerox.

1972

Thermal printing, which is a digital printing process that prints images by selectively heating coated thermochromic paper when paper passes over the thermal head, was developed.

1984

3D printing is developed.

1989

Photopolymer plates, which are photosensitive materials that when exposed to UV rays, hardens the polymer, are used by studio letterpress printers.

1993

Indigo digital color printing got introduced by Benny Landa.

2003

The Hewlett Packard Wifi laser printer is introduced.

Credits:

Created with images by ChristopherPluta - "old newspaper newspaper the 1960s" • Fæ - "Cuneiform Tablet LACMA M.41.5.1b (1 of 2)" • danja. - "Wood block card v 1.2"

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