## Learning DisabilitiesDyscalculia & disgraphia

### Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia is a severe difficulty in making math calculations as a result of brain disorder.

### Struggles

In this picture are what people with Dyscalculia struggle with. Such as reading numbers correctly. The numbers move around, so they aren't the actual numbers they should be.

### Symptoms and Strategies

Some signs are if you have difficult time telling place value, quantity, number lines, carrying, borrowing, and positive/negative numbers. Strategies to help some of these symptoms would be to draw math concepts, to use graph paper, to draw out word problems, and use rhythm or music to teach math facts.

The numbers will look like this to everyone else 2,439 + 185 + 798 = 3,422 but kids with dyscalculia it could possibly look like this 2,493 + 851 + 789 = 4,133. It could even look many different ways because the numbers could be in any place.

### How to Help Kids/People With Dyscalculia

Understand what they are feeling and talk to them, help them understand their math homework or just work sheet. If your a parent keep in touch with the school to see how your child is doing. Teachers could allow extra time for them to work on math. You could also write directions instead of saying them. Give them papers that our on their level.

### Famous People With Dyscalculia

Benjamin Franklin, Henry Winkler, Cher, Mary Tyler Moore, Hans Christian Anderson, Bill Gates, Thomas Edison, Luis Armand Garcia, and Sarah Barrable-Tishauer are all famous people that have dyscalculia.

### Technology that Helps With Dyscalculia

A talking calculator, an electronic math worksheet, and a paper based computer pen all are technology that help people with dyscalculia.

### Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is a learning disability where you write differently. The picture is a example of handwriting from a person with dysgraphia. The handwriting can be worse it just depends on how much they learn to write.

It affects these people by not writing like others. They usually don't write on the lines, but that isn't there fault. There handwriting can be big, small, all over the place, and squished together.

### Symptoms and Strategies

Some symptoms are having non readable writing, having unpredictable spacing between letters and words, having a difficult time thinking and writing, has an unusual grip, sore hand, writing is slow, different body paper or wrist position, and not all words finished. Those are some examples people with dysgraphia do.

Some strategies are using a word processor, allow a note taker, avoid being rude for sloppy or careless work, provide provide different ways for them to do 'writing' such as audio taped or video taped reports, use graph paper and wide rule paper, and use pencil grips or writing aids.

### Example

This picture is an example of an 11 year old with dysgraphia , 1 year after they got diagnosis. See how they spacing is that's what the hand writing may look like. The handwriting can also go diagonal. Not all their handwriting look alike.

### How to Help Kids/People With Dysgraphia

You can help kids with dysgraphia by feeling letters so you can make the letters have height. There are other ways too such as writing big, using clay, using shaving cream, practicing pinching a pencil, speaking before writing or as your writing, and using both arms/ hand. What I mean by using both arms/hands is to hold the paper with one hand and the pencil with the other or something like that. These are some ways to help maybe you can try some.

### Famous People With Dysgraphia

Some famous people with dysgraphia are Agatha Christie, Albert Einstein, George Patton, Henry Winkler, and Thomas Edison.

### Technology That Helps With Dysgraphia

Some technology that help with dysgraphia are Evernote, Pages, SoundNote, TextExpander, Brevity, WritePad, Pencast Player, Dexteria, iWriteWords, Spell Check, and Pictello are useful to help with dysgraphia.