The battle of guadalcanal By: Joe Nappi

The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal, was codenamed Operation Watchtower

It was a military campaign fought by the Allied forces in the Pacific theater of World War II against the Empire of Japan

The Battle was fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal (hence the name)

Allied forces, predominantly United States (US) Marines, landed on the island with the objective of denying it's use by the Japanese to threaten Allied supply lines

The Allies also intended to use Guadalcanal as an air base to support the Pacific Campaign against the Japanese

The Allies overwhelmed the outnumbered Japanese defenders, who had occupied the island since May 1942

Powerful American and Australian naval forces supported the landings

Surprised by the Allied Offensive, the Japanese made several attempts between August and November to retake the Island. Including:

- Three major land battles

- Seven large naval battles (five nighttime surface actions and two carrier battles)

- Continual, almost daily, aerial battles

Continual battles to hold Guadalcanal

After the decisive Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in early November, the last Japanese attempt to retake Henderson Field was defeated

In December, the Japanese abandoned their efforts to retake Guadalcanal and evacuated their remaining forces by 7 February 1943

The Guadalcanal Campaign was a significant strategic combined arms Allied victory in the Pacific theater

Along with the Battle of Midway, it has been called a turning point in the war against Japan

Casualties and Losses:

United States: 7,100 dead, 7,800 wounded, 4 captured, 29 ships lost

Empire of Japan: 19,200 dead, 1,000 captured, 38 ships lost

Thanks for reading!
Created By
Joseph Nappi


Created with images by Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Guadalcanal USMC Photo No. 2" • U.S. Navy Seabee Museum - "Guadalcanal-3" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Headed for the Front, Guadalcanal, circa 1942" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "1st Marine Division Staff, Guadalcanal, August 1942" • D'oh Boy - "WWII U.S. MARINES GUADALCANAL" • Ed Bierman - "Bay Area Destroyers lost at Guadalcanal" • expertinfantry - "HD-SN-99-02831" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Stake Defenses, Guadalcanal, circa 1942" • Archives New Zealand - "14 NZ Brigade Group landing, Point Cruz, Guadalcanal World War II" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Temporary Bridge, Guadalcanal, circa 1942" • laurietate - "graveyard military cemetery" • FotoshopTofs - "military vietnam war us soldier wounded"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.