Livin' On A Prairie Biome Great plains (north america)

Climate of the Prairie in North America

Average Rainfall 17.2 in., Max 21.7 in., Min 12.6 in.

Average Temperature 40°F, Max 95°F, Min -25°F

This biome has two seasons, a growing season and a dormant season. This biome has hot summers and cold winters. And it is because of the cold winters that it has a dormant season because nothing can grow.

Net Primary Productivity

This Biome is found north of the Tropic of Cancer at 23.5° north and south of the Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5° south. Large abundance of inhabitants but medium-low biodiversity. Medium efficiency in relation to other biome's Net Primary Productivity data.

Soil Quality

Extremely fertile soil due to deeply rooted grass that die due to cold winters and fires. Leaving nutrient rich organic matter to cycle and grow back again. And it's because of this fertility that the majority of the land is used for farming.

Invasive and Endangered

Invasive Teasel Weed

Teasel is a flowering plant brought to this country from Europe around the 1800s for the manufacturing of textiles. It is noxious and it crouds-out native species for nutrients.

Endangered Swift Fox

There are about 700 swift foxes left in the wild, on the prairies of Canada. This is because of habitat loss to development of farmland also making it more difficult for the fox to hunt prey it tall grasses (habitat in HIPPCO). It is also killed in programs created by farmers in protection of their farms. (overharvesting in HIPPCO).

Animals in the Biome

Prairie Dog

The Prairie Dog is a herbivorous burrowing keystone species. It creates large colonies underground that can sure has a habitat for other species, and the Prairie Dog is a food source of many other species.

American Bison

These large, pelt covered mammals have broad, flat teeth that aid in its herbivorous diet. As it needs to consume a lot of grasses and sedges to maintain the necessary caloric intake.

Bumble Bee

Unlike Honey Bees the stinger on this type of bee doesn't detach after it stings a predator. This Bee like the others play a huge role in our world, it fertilizes and pollinates different plants and flowers to help in producing fruit.

Plants in the Biome

Buffalo Grass

This is a perennial shortgrass that is very drought resistant, has long narrow leaves, and has a deep root system. This allows them to survive to fires and complete a cycle by using the nutrients of dead biomass.

Milkweed

This vibrant herb has a white poisonous sap from which it gets its name, this serves as a warning against predators. Its seeds grow in pods with tuft hairs allowing the vast winds of the prairies to disperse them for reproduction.

Big Bluestem Grass

This grass grows densely in hills, in order to keep other grasses from getting sunlight and growing. This grass has very deep roots to hold the soil against wind erosion and to cycle nutrients from following fires.

Created By
Brayden Snyder
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