The Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions relevant to the further implementation of the Convention. The fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-5) provides a final assessment of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets as well as lessons for the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework and transitions needed to realize the vision agreed by the world's governments for 2050 of ‘Living in Harmony with Nature’.
Here, we have highlighted the main findings of GBO-5 with respect to marine and coastal biodiversity. The full GBO-5 report is available here.
Aichi Biodiversity Targets
In 2010, the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the CBD adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, which includes 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. These global targets were adopted with a deadline of 2020 and focus on different actions and outcomes needed to put the world on a path to achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity.
2050 Vision for Biodiversity: "By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people"
The 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted by the CBD Conference of the Parties (COP) in 2010 as part of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
GBO-5 provides an assessment of progress towards the elements of all 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets, based on available information.
Progress towards each element of the Aichi Targets is depicted graphically, as shown above. Each segment
represents an element and the colour represents the
While nearly all of the Aichi Targets are relevant in some way to marine and coastal biodiversity, there are some specific elements of the Aichi Targets that are especially relevant to achieving a healthy, productive and sustainable ocean.