Civil War Let's start :D

CHAPTER 1: Causes of Civil War

Kansas-Nebraska Act

The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.

Popular Sovereignty

Popular sovereignty was the political doctrine that gave people the ability to vote and have a voice in their government and that made it a significant element to the United States Constitution, forming a critical component of American government.

Dred Scott Case
that face tho

In March 1857, in one of the most controversial events preceding the American Civil War (1861-65), the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford. The case had been brought before the court by Dred Scott, a slave who had lived with his owner in a free state before returning to the slave state of Missouri. Scott believed that he would have the right to be free since he had lived in a free state for quite some time so he wanted the court to give him the right to stay in the free state. The court disagreed and said that no black, free or slave, could claim U.S. citizenship, and because of that blacks were unable to petition the court for their freedom. The Dred Scott decision made North and South tensions, which would erupt in war just three years later.

John Brown

John was an abolitionist who believed he was an "Angel of God". During the Bleeding Kansas conflicts he and his sons led attacks on pro-slavery people with his 21 followers. They attacked and occupied the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry. Their goal was to capture supplies and use them to arm a slave rebellion. Brown was captured during the raid and later hanged, but not before becoming an anti-slavery icon.

Chapter 2: Important people

Abraham Lincoln
Damn boi

Lincoln was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States. Lincoln is remembered for his really important and vital role as the leader in preserving the Union during the Civil War and beginning the process (Emancipation Proclamation) that led to the end of slavery in the United States.

Ulysses Grant
#roasted

Ulysses Grant served as a commander in chief of the Union army during the Civil War, he lead the North to victory over the Confederacy, working closely with president Abraham Lincoln. He later became the eighteenth President of the United States.

Robert E. Lee
Day at the beach :)

Robert E. Lee served as a military officer in the U.S. Army at West Point commandant and was a legendary general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. "In June 1861, Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, which he would lead for the rest of the war." (HISTORY.com)

"Stonewall" Jackson
:'v

"A skilled military tactician, he served as a Confederate general under Robert E. Lee in the American Civil War, leading troops at Manassas, Antietam and Fredericksburg." (biography.com)

William T. Sherman
Nope.

Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Sherman commanded a brigade in the war’s first major battle, at Bull Run in Virginia.

Jefferson Davis
WhAT?

Jefferson Davis was a Mexican War hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War.

Andrew Johnson
um ok

Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson is most known for being the president to take over after Abraham Lincoln was killed.

Radical Republicans

The Radical Republicans were a wing of the Republican Party organized around an uncompromising opposition to slavery before and during the Civil War and a strong campaign to secure rights for freed slaves during Reconstruction.

CHAPter 3: important battles

Fort Sumter

The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The battle took place in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina in April 12, 1861. Confederate forces under General P.G.T. Beauregard won the Battle of Fort Sumter. "Fort Sumter is historically significant as the location of the first shots fired in the American Civil War." (www.reference.com)

Antietam

The battle of Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles of American Civil War. The battle took place in Antietam creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland in September 17, 1862. The winner of the Battle of Antietam was indecisive but a tactical victory was claimed by the Union army. The Union victory there led to the Emancipation Proclamation.

Vicksburg

This battle is said to be the most significant one in the Civil War. The battle took place in Vicksburg, Mississippi in May 18, 1863. The battle was won by the Union forces who surrounded Vicksburg. "Union forces had complete control of the Mississippi River and had in effect cut the Confederacy in two.Confederate forces in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas were now isolated from the rest of the South." (Siege of Vicksburg) Union casualties for the battle and siege of Vicksburg were 4,835; Confederate were 32,697 (29,495 surrendered).

Gettysburg

This battle took place in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in July 1-3, 1863. The battle was a Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. "After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863." (history.com)

Atlanta

This battle took place in Atlanta, Georgia in July 22, 1864. Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman defeated Confederate forces. Atlanta was used as a center for military operations and as a supply route by the Confederate army during the Civil War. Soldiers Engaged. Union: 34,00. Confederate: 40,000.

chapter 4: political events

Kansas-Nebraska Act

It effected the Civil War because white people were deciding on whether or not slavery should be legal/illegal in states. Passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. Important people involved, Stephen A. Douglas and President Franklin Pierce.

Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address

At a time when victory over the secessionists in the American Civil War was within days and slavery was near over, Lincoln did not speak of happiness but instead of sadness. This event occurred on March 4, 1865. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.

Gettysburg Address

This speech was delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, during the American Civil War. This event occurred on November 19, 1863. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.

Suspend Habeas Corpus

Habeas corpus is an ancient law that acts to protect an arrested individual. They suspended habeas corpus because the public safety required it during times of rebellion or invasion. "President Lincoln used the authority granted him under the Act on September 15, 1863, to suspend habeas corpus throughout the Union in any case involving prisoners of war, spies, traitors, or any member of the military." (wiki) Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.

Emancipation Proclamation

It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten Confederate states still in rebellion and it also said that freed slaves could be enlisted in the Union Army so that the army possessed more manpower. This event occurred on Sep 22, 1862. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.

Amendments

"Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865." (ourdocuments.gov)

Impeachment (Johnson)

Johnson, being in the Democratic party, wanted the South to remain "a white's man country", while Republicans believed that blacks deserved civil rights. This event occurred on February 24, 1868. Important people involved, Andrew Johnson.

chapter 5: statistics and advantages/ disADVANTAGES

chapter 6: results of the civil war

Radical Republicans VS. Presidents Reconstruction

Radical Republicans believed that the Confederate leaders should be punished for their roles in the Civil War."In 1865 President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South." (digitalhistory)

Founding and actions of KKK
NO lol

KKK is a white supremacist organization that was founded in 1866, during the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War. "Throughout its notorious history, factions of the secret fraternal organization have used acts of terrorism—including murder, lynching, arson, rape, and bombing—to oppose the granting of civil rights to African Americans." (encyclopedia.com)

Black Codes

"These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt." (wiki) Black Codes were exclusively in the South, made it easier for black people to be arrested, even if the things were minimal, penalized blacks for changing jobs, limited access to court, white people have the advantage.

"Jim Crowe" Laws

Laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950. White people had more benefits than blacks, black people were excluded from many things/places and they were discriminated harshly.

Morehouse College

"A private, historically-black college for men, Morehouse College opened in 1867 to train former slaves to be Protestant ministers and educators." (blackpast)

Freedman's Bureau

This was established in 1865 to help former black slaves and poor white people in the South for the aftermath of the Civil War. It was initiated by Abraham Lincoln and the duration it was intended was a year after the end of the Civil War. The Freedmen's Bureau was important because it assisted freedmen in the South.

THANKS FOR READING!! \(*o*)/

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