John was an abolitionist who believed he was an "Angel of God". During the Bleeding Kansas conflicts he and his sons led attacks on pro-slavery people with his 21 followers. They attacked and occupied the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry. Their goal was to capture supplies and use them to arm a slave rebellion. Brown was captured during the raid and later hanged, but not before becoming an anti-slavery icon.
Chapter 2: Important people
Lincoln was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States. Lincoln is remembered for his really important and vital role as the leader in preserving the Union during the Civil War and beginning the process (Emancipation Proclamation) that led to the end of slavery in the United States.
Ulysses Grant served as a commander in chief of the Union army during the Civil War, he lead the North to victory over the Confederacy, working closely with president Abraham Lincoln. He later became the eighteenth President of the United States.
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee served as a military officer in the U.S. Army at West Point commandant and was a legendary general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. "In June 1861, Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, which he would lead for the rest of the war." (HISTORY.com)
"A skilled military tactician, he served as a Confederate general under Robert E. Lee in the American Civil War, leading troops at Manassas, Antietam and Fredericksburg." (biography.com)
William T. Sherman
Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Sherman commanded a brigade in the war’s first major battle, at Bull Run in Virginia.
Jefferson Davis was a Mexican War hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War.
Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson is most known for being the president to take over after Abraham Lincoln was killed.
The Radical Republicans were a wing of the Republican Party organized around an uncompromising opposition to slavery before and during the Civil War and a strong campaign to secure rights for freed slaves during Reconstruction.
CHAPter 3: important battles
The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The battle took place in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina in April 12, 1861. Confederate forces under General P.G.T. Beauregard won the Battle of Fort Sumter. "Fort Sumter is historically significant as the location of the first shots fired in the American Civil War." (www.reference.com)
The battle of Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles of American Civil War. The battle took place in Antietam creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland in September 17, 1862. The winner of the Battle of Antietam was indecisive but a tactical victory was claimed by the Union army. The Union victory there led to the Emancipation Proclamation.
This battle is said to be the most significant one in the Civil War. The battle took place in Vicksburg, Mississippi in May 18, 1863. The battle was won by the Union forces who surrounded Vicksburg. "Union forces had complete control of the Mississippi River and had in effect cut the Confederacy in two.Confederate forces in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas were now isolated from the rest of the South." (Siege of Vicksburg) Union casualties for the battle and siege of Vicksburg were 4,835; Confederate were 32,697 (29,495 surrendered).
This battle took place in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in July 1-3, 1863. The battle was a Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. "After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863." (history.com)
This battle took place in Atlanta, Georgia in July 22, 1864. Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman defeated Confederate forces. Atlanta was used as a center for military operations and as a supply route by the Confederate army during the Civil War. Soldiers Engaged. Union: 34,00. Confederate: 40,000.
chapter 4: political events
It effected the Civil War because white people were deciding on whether or not slavery should be legal/illegal in states. Passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. Important people involved, Stephen A. Douglas and President Franklin Pierce.
Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address
At a time when victory over the secessionists in the American Civil War was within days and slavery was near over, Lincoln did not speak of happiness but instead of sadness. This event occurred on March 4, 1865. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.
This speech was delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, during the American Civil War. This event occurred on November 19, 1863. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.
Suspend Habeas Corpus
Habeas corpus is an ancient law that acts to protect an arrested individual. They suspended habeas corpus because the public safety required it during times of rebellion or invasion. "President Lincoln used the authority granted him under the Act on September 15, 1863, to suspend habeas corpus throughout the Union in any case involving prisoners of war, spies, traitors, or any member of the military." (wiki) Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.
It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten Confederate states still in rebellion and it also said that freed slaves could be enlisted in the Union Army so that the army possessed more manpower. This event occurred on Sep 22, 1862. Important people involved, Abraham Lincoln.
"Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865." (ourdocuments.gov)
Johnson, being in the Democratic party, wanted the South to remain "a white's man country", while Republicans believed that blacks deserved civil rights. This event occurred on February 24, 1868. Important people involved, Andrew Johnson.
chapter 5: statistics and advantages/ disADVANTAGES
chapter 6: results of the civil war
Radical Republicans VS. Presidents Reconstruction
Radical Republicans believed that the Confederate leaders should be punished for their roles in the Civil War."In 1865 President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South." (digitalhistory)
Founding and actions of KKK
KKK is a white supremacist organization that was founded in 1866, during the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War. "Throughout its notorious history, factions of the secret fraternal organization have used acts of terrorism—including murder, lynching, arson, rape, and bombing—to oppose the granting of civil rights to African Americans." (encyclopedia.com)
"These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt." (wiki) Black Codes were exclusively in the South, made it easier for black people to be arrested, even if the things were minimal, penalized blacks for changing jobs, limited access to court, white people have the advantage.
"Jim Crowe" Laws
Laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950. White people had more benefits than blacks, black people were excluded from many things/places and they were discriminated harshly.
"A private, historically-black college for men, Morehouse College opened in 1867 to train former slaves to be Protestant ministers and educators." (blackpast)