Uluru AYers RoCk

Space and Place

Uluru also known as Ayers Rock is located in the middle of the northern Territory arid "red centre". The nearest large town is Alice springs and that is 450km away. Uluru is at least 350m high, 3km long, 2km wide and then another 6km of the rock is underground. Uluru is the traditional name for the rock but Ayers Rock is the name the Europeans gave it. In 1950 Uluru/Ayers Rock was made a national park. Uluru is sacred to the Aboriginals and especially the Anangu people because they used to hold traditional rites and ceremonies there dating back over 60,000 years. It is thought that the rock started forming in a basin 900 million years ago.

http://www.australia.com/en/places/red-centre/nt-uluru.html http://www.techscool.com.au/nationalparks/location/

This contour map shows the elevation of the rock, the closer the lines, the steeper the gradient.


Uluru is a big sandstone rock. It has no vegetation at all meaning there is little wildlife. However at the bottom of the rock it is well nourished because of run off rain water. There is a range of animals such as mice, lizards, snakes, kangaroos, dingoes and many types of birds you would also find lots of nourished plants living in this area. Having these types of animals and plants makes this an ideal spot for Aboriginal ceremonies. It is thought that around 400,000 people visit Uluru each year. So many people visiting the rock causes erosion, littering, trampling, habitat loss and braking down of the track. This is a problem because people do not realise the harm they are causing. There are no toilets on the rock meaning that when people climb they need to refrain from urinating because the acid in urine contributes to erosion. Although it is not illegal to climb Uluru the Aboriginals advise people against it. Uluru has claimed 37 lives. In 1983 Bob Hawke Australia's Prime Minister at this time made a promise to prohibit climbing the rock. He then broke this promise in 1985. Uluru is continuously changing due to environmental conditions.

These are the types of animal that you would find at Uluru!

This weather map shows the average weather on a yearly basis.

Uluru is located in the middle of a desert meaning it is either very hot or very cold. In the winter during the day the temperatures can be quite pleasant but during the night they can drop below zero. During the day in summer the temperatures can get into the high forties.


Many years ago there was little control over activities on and around Uluru. These activities which included camping around the base of the rock, hiking and extended tourism stays, had a greater environmental impact, compared to today's controlled entry.

A big problem is that we are not able to understand the needs to maintain indigenous rights and heritage. One simple way of doing this is to try to aknowledge, except and follow the aboriginals ways. Uluru is important to the aboriginals, so we need to repect their ways.


Uluru is a huge sandstone rock making it very hard to destroy but if we want to preserve this rock for future generations we need to make sure we keep managing and controlling tourism, the way things are run and respecting the aboriginal ways. If we start building hotels, houses and roads. If we have hotels and houses we also need to build shops to supply the people living there. By doing this we would be interfering with the natural habitat. The way people treat the rock can cause the natural environment to erode away, become trampled, breaking down of the track and habitat loss. All of these problems combined cause the environment to become unstable.


If we want to preserve this place for future generations we need to take action on a personal level as well as on a local and national. On a personal level we can do simple things like pick up after ourself and follow and respect the rules. As a community we can look out for any problems we may see happening around the rock and make sure we listen to the signs provided. As a nation we have to work together with Parks and Wildlife and the Aboriginals and financially support this cause.


A big change that has occurred over time is that smaller unstable rocks have fallen off causing Uluru to gradually become smaller. This is also caused by people walking on the rock contributing to erosion and trampling.

With all the sustainable practices that have been put in place and if parks and wildlife keep working with the aboriginals, we would hope that in the future Uluru looks the same as it does today.

Depending on the time of the day the colour of the rock appears to change.



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