Introduction - Waste
From the first primitive dumps in Ancient Greece dated around 3000 BC, where the people was into roduced to dumping waste. To today's sophisticated recycling programs. But as our trash get more complicated, more toxic and more abundant, the jobs get harder. And the earth isn't looking any cleaner.Hi my name is Hoa and I’m an expert on waste management and today I be presenting evidence on the history of our waste and how we can take action towards making Mississauga grow sustainably.
The problem about waste
An average Canadian produces 6 pounds of trash per day, in Mississauga alone with its population of a staggering 750,000 people in 2016, annually we will produce approximately 4 million tons of trash per year, that's a lot of trash for one city! Not only that, according to Landfill Inventory Management Ontario, we roughly have about 2,400 landfills in all of Canada. Now with that many landfills, it will take millions of years for these garbage to decompose. In a place like Canada, I really thought that we would do better. After use, only 23% percent of our trash gets recycled and the rest, unfortunately, ends up in landfills, in fact, 77 percent to be exact of it goes to our landfills. Comparing us to some of the Europeans countries, only 38% of their trash goes to landfills and Sweden only has 1 % of their trash sent to landfills. Clearly, we're doing something wrong here, how did we get our trash so out of hand, a better question yet is how did we get here in the first place.
The unsustainable side to waste
A study had shown, that plastic takes 450 years to disintegrate, aluminum takes 500 years to dissolves, evidently, we all know that these non-biodegradable products take hundreds of years to break down. So why do we use these materials that won't disappear even after our lifetime? Oh I know, because it is cheaper in cost and light in weight. It is easy to get. Plastic are chemically a polymer. Usually chemically inert and not biodegradable.The truth is that these non-biodegradable products are everywhere, from packaging food to commodities that we used every day, and once we are done with it, we throw it out! It's hard not to use plastic and aluminum, and all those non-biodegradable products when it is displayed on our market shelves. The fact is that it may be cheap and benefitting to the economy but catastrophic to the environment and wildlife, and unsustainable in the long run. Due to an astounding number of landfills and the capacity it is leading up to, the number of landfills will keep rising. Most non-biodegrade, leach harmful chemicals into water and soil upon disposal. It is a risk for all the animals in ecosystems. What often happen is that these species often mistake the shimmering colours and rapid movements of these non-biodegrade for prey. Some animals choke on them, and some stayed in their digestive tracts, preventing the absorption of real food, leading up to starvation, illness, and even death. If this keeps happening, it is our fault for their cause of death, and we have an obligation from preventing it from doing furthermore damages to the environment and the animals.
Clearly, more appropriate and sustainable approaches to waste need to be adopted. To be sustainable we need to take action, whether it is buying things that can be used for a long time or be cautious of what you throw out, or to recycled things. The thing is, we already know the solution to this problem, but we either turned a blind eye to it and make it other people's problem, that not the case anymore, the earth can no longer hold the weight that we are putting on it and whether you like it or not it needs to be address and handle, because it is our responsibility to make this place a cleaner place and makes decision that is further more efficient in the long run for future generations. You all probably heard of the term, reduce reuse and recycle, but not all of us actually do it, but did you know how it dramatically helps us cut down our garbage. If we all recycle, it will take under 60 days for these non-biodegradable products to be transported for recycling, melted down and remade and back onto our market shelves, now that doesn't mean that we all now can compulsively go out and shop if we all follow the recycling programs. While recycling has helped cut down on the amount of waste that ends up in landfills, a considerable amount still gets sent to landfills. But one country is proving us that it doesn’t have to be that way, Sweden. For years, Sweden had been doing something that not many seen as revolutionary. Today, only 1 percent of Sweden’s waste ends up in landfills. Half of it is recycled and 49 percent is burned in waste-to-energy facilities . A waste to energy facilities is operated by loading garbage into the system producing steam, this steam is then used to spin turbines transforming the energy into electricity, and from then on are moved to transmission lines and power grid, by doing this, it had lessen toxins in the ground. If we were to construct a waste to energy facilities, how it would do wonders to diminish the upcoming waste we have and the waste that it's still in our landfills.But we need the government to stop selling us things that we eventually throw out, I'm talking about plastic bags, plastic water bottles, plastic food packaging, these are all the excess waste that we don't need. Now that may take some time to adjust but it will tremendously reduce the waste. not to mention the trash in our landfills that we have to deal with already, let's focus on reducing the 77% we send to our landfills and make Canada one of the cleanest, environmentally friendly place to live.