China

  • The main religion in China is Confucianism and Taoism
  • Taoism was founded in East Asia and currently has 173 practitioners.

Confucianism-

  • It is not a real religion it’s an ethical and philosophical system which developed from Confucius thoughts and later was treated as a kind of belief to educate common people.
  • Started by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and became the ideology of the society in the feudal system since then.
  • Traditions and principles (Based on the 4 books hand five classics) played an important role in the formation of chinese people’s thinking pattern and teaching methods.
  • Has a worldwide influence
  • 6,111,056 practitioners

Deities- Yu-huang (The Jade Emperor)- Highest God of Taoism He rules heaven. All Gods follow him because he has the most power. He is the Lord of the living and the dead of life of everything. To sum up this person is that main God of Taoism and is someone you do NOT want to anger.

Yuan-Shih T’ien-Tsun simply just exists and instructs. He has no beginning and no end. He existed when there was nothing and will exist when there is nothing. Self-existing, changeless, Limitless, invisible, contains all virtues, is present in all places and is the source of all truth. This God is important because he is forever and is there to instruct the “Emperor”.

Beliefs-

  • Ch’i- Differentiates a corpse from a live human being. This is a(n) important practice in Taoism. Chi is important because it influences and gives people peace. It since it has been around it has been a part of Chinese culture and philosophy.
  • Death and Afterlife- Life and death are merely two aspects of reality, the unchanging Tao. Death is going from being to non-being or Yang to Yin. They don’t view “Death” as death they see it as leaving the human body. Moving on to another world somewhere else.
  • Immortals- The spiritual beings of primary importance in religious Taoism are the Immortals. These were the people that Taoist looked up to. They were these perfect beings that people saw as who they were supposed to become someday. And it was near impossible to become immortal some believed.
  • The Tao- The ultimate reality in Taoism is the Tao (Way). The True definition of Tao is that there is no same definition. Everybody has to discover this within their own terms. You have to find the Tao within yourself to truly understand its definition. To find “The Tao” you really just live life. Discover who you really are and everything else will just come naturally. Don’t focus too hard on one thing. Move on and move forward.

Inventions-

Gun Powder- Evidence of the first use of gunpowder comes from the Tang Dynasty. Recipes for gunpowder looked to be written during the Song Dynasty. Its use was described to be used for bombs launched from catapults. Gunpowder was used for the failed invasion on Japan on 1274 and 1281. During the 13th century gunpowder formulas became more potent.

Inventions-

  • Gun Powder- Evidence of the first use of gunpowder comes from the Tang Dynasty. Recipes for gunpowder looked to be written during the Song Dynasty. Its use was described to be used for bombs launched from catapults. Gunpowder was used for the failed invasion on Japan on 1274 and 1281. During the 13th century gunpowder formulas became more potent.
  • Compass- A true compass was discovered in the Han Dynasty. They found a new element and also discovered that it could magnetize metal. This led to them discovering that Earth had a magnetic pull to it that attracted this element in one direction. This led to them making directions out of this system.
  • Fireworks- Fireworks were first invented in the Tang Dynasty and were first used for shows but then were used as weapons to scare their enemies.

Spoken and Written Language-

  • Mandarin and Cantonese are the spoken languages in China. Mandarin is the main spoken language in China. Hànzì is the written language in China. Hànzì wasn’t the official writing in China until the 1950’s after the state council of the People’s Republic of China said that they wanted it to be there’s. In 1952, the Language Reform Research Committee of China first drafted the list of frequently used simplification of Chinese characters, affirming to the principle of "only describing and stating the concept of the ancient people, not creating.”
  • Writing was done on oracle bones around 1500 BCE
  • Standard Chinese, Mandarin Chinese was and is their main spoken languages
  • Mandarin and Cantonese are the current written languages

Yellow and Yangtze River-

  • The Basin of this river was the birthplace of early Chinese civilizations. It was the start of it all. A problem it has had and still has is the River floods over sometimes and this causes fields to become flooded and in the long run is bad for the crops. This river is also known as China’s sorrow or Scourge of the Sons of Han.
  • Essential to the development of China
  • Known as the mother river of the chinese Nation
  • A place where they focus their spiritual energies on
  • Helped with harvest, watered almost everything

Role of women/How Important Family Was-

  • Worked mainly in the home
  • Worked in food industry like farming or fishing
  • Worked as prostitutes
  • Had arranged marriages
  • More respected if they if they had sons
  • Participated in foot binding
  • Family wasn’t all that important
  • Daughters were not celebrated and sometimes did not receive names
  • Men were considered the most important gender
  • Women were considered servants

Colonization-

  • Britain colonized China. In 1842 China was colonized by the British. This was because the treaty of Nanjing was signed. China didn’t gain independence until October 1, 1949. The main reason Britain colonized China was for land. They wanted everything. They wanted do also do everything first. They went on a spree to take what they thought was theirs. China gained its independence because the People’s Republic of China was developed for the first time ever. China gained independence not really through individuals. It was a strong group effort of really the whole country.

China Today-

  • Population - 1.375 Billion
  • GDP World Rank - Number 2 19.24 Trillion USD

One Child Policy

The one-child policy was a policy implemented by the Chinese government as a method of controlling the population. The one-child policy was introduced in 1979 in response to an explosive population growth, and mandated that couples from China's Han majority could only have one child.

Communist Government

Xi Jinping is China’s current leader. Chinese politician who currently serves as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, the President of the People's Republic of China, and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission.

Role of Women in China Today-

  • Women have no accepted role
  • Have more opportunities
  • Can be educated

Major Problem-

China will be the first major economy to go gray before it gets rich, placing huge strains on working-age people who will have to effectively pay for pensions and healthcare for a disproportionate number of non-working elderly citizens. For a nominally socialist country, the weave of China's social safety net is woefully loose, and badly frayed in parts most notably the healthcare system. This is often cited as a major cause of the high savings rate something that chokes off consumption and contributes to the imbalance in China's economy.

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