When researching Ontario emigration and the history of immigration to Ontario, settlers arrived in the early 18th century from France or from French Canada. They stayed in areas surrounding the St. Clair rivers separating Ontario from Michegan. American loyalist, of `1784, arrrived in large numbers settling along the St Lawrence rivers. British and many Irish settlers came from the 1820, why because after the Napoleonic wars, Ireland experienced recession and famines. Sources for theses records, Norman K. Crowder, Early Ontario Settlers, 1993,
We used Pender's Census to source surname origins and referred to John Grenham's excellent blog on this at https://www.johngrenham.com/blog/2016/06/06/penders-not-a-census-mapped/ We also looked at the source and found the following for the McFadden Surname. McFaddens appear at the location of Kilmacrenan in Donegal. We further explored this location and found an excellent source through google books called The National Tale by Lady Morgan in 1815, where we found an excellent description of the locations around Lough Swilly and Kilmacrenan by Lady Morgan. Lady Morgan -Sydney Morgan was a novelist, poet and travel writer. She grew up in Dublin where her father was actor-manager of the Theatre Royal and worked briefly as a governess before publishing a small volume of verse set to Irish tunes, in the manner of Thomas Moore. She published her first novel St Clair in 1802 and her third novel The Wild Irish Girl, published four years later, was hugely successful. Morgan held a literary salon at her house in Kildare Street, Dublin, travelled widely and incorporated her experiences into her writing. Her work, which was strongly nationalist in tone, was popular with Catholic emancipationists and Liberals. She was the first woman to receive a civil-list pension for writing.
“Gloom of the mountain ravine into a glen, formed in the midst of an ampitheatre rocks, Nobel estuary of Lough Swilly. In this account they describe in a vernacular manner, a house, with its earthen uneven floor, made of mud, sparse furniture and old lady with her padreens which were her rosary beads. This is the type of house that the McFaddens mayhave resided in, influenced by the Lough Swilly and the barony of Kilmacrenan. The source describe the house with the inhabitants with very little English, yet noticeable for the Irish hospitality, and with a pedigree of the O’Donnell family over the fire beginning with Niall of the Nine hostages. O'Donel: A National Tale is the source for this and it has now been reprinted by Barnes and Noble at https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/odonnel-sydney-morgan/1126929222
Berthon, a former pupil of Jacques-Louis David, painted this portrait now in the National Gallery of Ireland in Paris. Lady Morgan requested him to execute it in her hotel apartments rather than in his studio so that she could receive visitors during painting sessions. She is depicted in a contemplative pose at her writing desk, quill in hand. The vase before her holds a bunch of wild roses, perhaps suggestive of Irish nationalism and her untamed Romantic spirit. This is a link to the National Gallery of Ireland where Lady Morgan's portrait resides. http://onlinecollection.nationalgallery.ie/objects/2709/portrait-of-lady-morgan-sydney-owenson-17761859-writer
Cottage by Smeets Paul (ty for 1,8 million views)
Excerpt from "An Gorta Mor i gCill Alaidhe" (The Great Famine in Killala) by Patricia Fitzgerald and Olive Kennedy (1996), pp.50-52
- "One notorious 'coffin ship' was the Elizabeth and Sarah which sailed from Killala, County Mayo in July 1846 (sic). She was a 74 year old barque of 330 tons built on the Tyne for the Tyne/Baltic trade and her Captain was A. Simpson. It is most likely to have been a 'speculative' venture got up by local 'entrepeneurs'. Her passenger list was certified in Killala as 212 but she carried 276 in this journey. There were only 36 berths and 4 of these were taken by the crew. Inadequate water supplies were carried in leaky tanks and no food was provided... a letter of protest was written by one of the passengers to the newspaper "The Montreal Herald"|
- 'Sir - The sufferings which we have undergone in our late voyage across theAtlantic and our desire to save others from similar treatment, induces usto address this letter to you... Hugh Leighton, Ship Broker of Sligo, Hugh Simpson, his clerk and John Reilly of Belmullet... used every means in their power to induce us to embark at Killala (County Mayo) on board the Elizabeth and Sarah whereof A. Simpson was master...which would sail on the 1st of May for this port (Montreal)... finally on 26th of May we weighed anchor, and bid adieu to our native land. And now, Sir, commences a tale of misery and suffering which we hope to God none of our fellow mortals may ever experience... two quarts of water was all that was allowed to each passenger; nor was bread or oatmeal ever served out to us... After having being out twenty one days, the master informed us that we were on the Banks of Newfoundland; whereupon many of the passengers wasted their provisions believing that they were close to port; we did not reach Newfoundland until twenty four days after this... the mate, Jeremiah Tindel (the Captain being sick and unable to attend to his duties) ran us ashore on the Island of St. Peter (St. Pierre and Miquelon)... We were then in a most deplorable state, living on short allowance and many of us without any; our pittance of water was both gluey and putrid; disease and pestilence broke out amongst us and carried off many of our fellow passengers in its iron grasp... we succeeded in getting off the reef; our Captain... now breathed his last, and several more of the passengers likewise yielded up their souls to Him who had created them. Their bodies were, of course, immediately committed to the deep; but, the mate, as if to add to our miseries, notwithstanding our requests to the contrary, persisted in keeping the body of the Captain. For thirteen long days ... the body lay upon the quarterdeck in a most horrid state of decomposition, thereby engendering the pestilence among us to a fearful extent, insomuch that twenty two souls had by this time perished... On the 72nd day of our departure from Killala, County Mayo, we dropped anchor at Grosse Isle, Quebec, where we were kindly and hospitably treated by Dr. Douglas, the Medical Superintendent, as also by Mr. Cullingford, who was in charge of the sick; here seven more of our fellow passengers died and many still remain in a very precarious state...
- (Signed on behalf of fellow passengers)John LAVAL, (LAVELL) late of the Parish of Kilmore
- James JOYCE, late of the Parish of Laumore went to March Township, now part of the City of Ottawa, by 1848) all from County Mayo, Ireland) Quebec, 22nd August 1846'."
- Great sources from Allan Lewis and thanks for same, www.bytown.net/famineireland.htm
- ... Allan Lewis, Ottawa, Canada.