What do they eat?
African elephants are herbivores, which means they eat plants. An adult can eat up to 400 lbs. of grass, roots, and leaves. That is a lot of vegetation!
They use their long trunks to grasp food and gather water. Their tusks can be used for digging up roots and moving things. Tusks are also used as weapons for defending themselves.
Life in the herd
Young elephants and females live together in herds for protection. This is like a family. Herds are led by a matriarch (female), while the older male elephants (bulls) wander alone. Baby elephants are called calves, and they are raised by the whole herd!